· and debates etc. Graphic organizers also help

·        
Being a teacher, provide the
environment, resources and chances to their pupils to learn something will help
them a lot.  I believe that students and
learners are a team where all the participants should work together to achieve
the set learning goals. Keeping in mind the varied learning styles of the
learners, I think all the activities should be planned according to their needs
and interests. This will result in engaging the learners as well as aid in
developing their thinking skills (CIE Resource-Experiential Learning).
Motivation and positive feedback help in building confidence in the learners
and make them enthusiastic to take an active part in all learning activities
(Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, 1943). I think that learning activities based on
collaborative work can help the learners to take responsibility of their own
learning and create an environment of mutual respect for one another (Vygotsky,
1978). As a teacher, I believe that the learners learn well if they connect
their prior knowledge to the new content which helps them to build new knowledge
on the basis of the old one. I also feel that the students learn well and feel
confident if they share their ideas with their peers through class discussions,
presentations and debates etc. Graphic organizers also help to grab the
interest of the learners and to motivate them to work enthusiastically by
providing them a concrete hands-on activity (Petty, 2014). I believe that group
activities, graphic organizers, hand-on activities, use of ICT, positive and
timely feedback and scaffolding are the basic tools that help to make the
learning meaningful.

Assessment is the process of gathering and using
information from multiple and diverse sources in order to develop better understanding
of what students know, understand and can do with their knowledge as a result
of their educational experiences (Huba and Fareed, 2000). It makes the learning
visible and helps the learners to move on in their learning. There are two
major types of assessments used in the classroom. Formative assessment is
carried out during the learning and helps to form the learners’ learning and to
look forward to what they will do with their learning. The purpose of formative
assessment or Assessment for Learning is to monitor or support the learners’
learning and to motivate them. The purpose of summative assessment is to judge
the quality and characteristics of the student’s learning and summarize these
in a clear and widely acceptable format at the end of an academic year.
Although both these types are equally important during the learning process,
but the form of assessment I use to judge the level of understanding of my
pupils and make quick decisions to step forward is formative assessment. I also
believe that assessment without timely and positive feedback can’t work
effectively (Hattie, 2014). It is because the feedback helps in achieving the
learning goals and to set new ones. It helps in motivating and raising
self-esteem of the learners and in achieving the learning outcomes. It provides
concrete opportunities to close the gaps between current and desired
performance and shapes the future learning (CIE Resource-Assessment). I also
use summative assessment at the end of a session of learning to evidence what
the students have actually learned. The need is to be active and constructive
while taking decisions about the purposes of the assessment and the content
that is to be assessed. 

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