118 Ways to go APES: Laws

SMCRAct (Surface Mining and Reclamation Act)
Coal surface mining must meet standards, including mining reclamation (restoring land to original condition) 1977
Madrid Protocol
Moratorium on Antarctica mineral exploration for 50 years
Clean Air Act
Set car emission standards and air pollution limits
Kyoto Protocol
Greenhouse gas emission targets for developed countries. Control global warming
Montreal Project
Phase-out of ozone depleting products (ex.


Safe Drinking Water Act
Set max pollution levels for safe drinking water
Clean Water Act
Set permissable amounts of water pollutants that can be discharged into waterways. Make surface water swimmable and fishable again!
Ocean Dumping Ban Act
Bans dumping of sewage sludge & industrial waste in the ocean.
Resource Conservation & Recovery Act
Cradle to grave system: Controls hazardous waste
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Act
Superfund; designed to I.D. and clean up abandoned hazardous waste dump sites.

Nuclear Waste Policy Act
U.S. Gov’t must develop a high level nuclear waste site (Yucca Mtn)
Endangered Species Act
I.D. threatened & endangered species in US, puts their protection above $
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
Lists species that cannot be $ traded as live specimens / wildlife products
Magnuson-Stevens Act
Management of marine fisheries
Food Quality Protection Act
Pesticide limits in food, all ingredients screened for estrogenic/endocrine effects
National Environmental Policy Act
Environmental Impact Statements must be done for any project affecting federal land
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
Seeks to protect human health from the 12 most toxic chemicals. (8 chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides / DDT may be used for malaria control)
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
Regulates manufacture and use of pesticides- must be registered and approved for use by the EPA before sold.
The Lacy Act of 1900
Prohibits transporting live or dead wild animals or their parts across state boarders without federal permit.