Cultural influences upon the text

Explore the relationship that exists between Sherlock Holmes and Dr John Watson across a range of short stories noting the effects of social/Historical/Cultural influences upon the text. Sherlock Holmes is the creation of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh. He was educated at Stonyhurst College and the University of Edinburgh; from 1882 to 1990 he practiced medicine in Southsea, England.

The first Ever Sherlock Holmes novel was Conan Doyle’s second go at making a book series. It was “A study in Scarlet” which was published in 1887. The Character of Holmes, his amazing ways of deducing things by sight, was based on one of Conan Doyle’s University Professors, Dr Joseph Ball. How he could open up a body and say what kind of lifestyle the man had lived. Conan Doyle was so immediately successful in literary career that approximately five years later he abandoned his medical practice to devote his entire time to writing.

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Sherlock Holmes’ appearance was over six feet tall and so lean that it looks as if he is so much taller. His eyes were sharp and piercing, his thin, hawk-like nose. His hands covered in ink and stained in chemicals. Holmes was a very private man, he has no private life and has no social life. All he has is his Detective Skills and his Drugs. Dr John Watson on the other hand is a gentlemen, he is a professional Doctor in medicines and is Holmes’ partner in fighting Crime. Holmes and Watson are totally different Characters with arguably little in common other than their role as Detectives in crime.

Watson is in love with a client when Holmes hates women and says he has no time for them. Like it says in The Lost World “Women are a small fragment in my mind, for you though it seems they are larger” The Structure is almost always the same in every story Conan Doyle writes. What usually happens is Dr Watson at the beginning of every Story is looking back through his stories and cases he has encountered with his detective friend Holmes. Then he starts talking about it and in doing so we go back in time and go to the time when the crime occurred. Because of this all of the Sherlock Holmes Stories and detective cases are written in first person narrative.It shows this in The specked band “In glancing over my notes of the seventy odd cases in which I have during the last eight years studied the methods of my friend Sherlock Holmes”

In Sherlock Holmes, most of the cases have a touch of melodrama in it. You can tell this by the layout of each story, or case. You can also tell that most of Sherlock Holmes Books have been exaggerated in such a way it’s almost touching on the real life border. But there again on the other hand it is a bit abnormal how Sherlock Holmes can be so addictive to drugs, and how it somehow helps him to notice things which to the normal eye, can be seen but won’t be looked at.

The language of the books are all very varied from a view of formal language and how it can be so grammatically complex. The words used, by Conan Doyle, show how Doyle’s vocabulary is so varied and how he brings his medical background into all the books. Like in The man with the twisted lip Holmes says “Surely your medical experience would tell you, Watson, that weakness in one limb is often compensated for by exceptional strength in others” .By using the language of a person of a surgeon, who has been in the business for years not, like Doyle, just come out of Medical School.

After all this I have to conclude that Conan Doyle had used his experience to create on of the most amazing detectives of Victorian History. I feel what makes Holmes so special is the fact of how he can deduce things so rapidly to get a picture of what he is dealing with, before his client says a word. Also how it was so magnificent, almost all other detective series, such as Inspector Morse, A touch of Frost have all been based on the partnership between Sherlock Holmes and Dr John Watson. I must say that Sherlock Holmes is the Greatest detective of all time.