An overall introduction of the chapter explains the originsof how urban areas were well-defined and how certain areas developed. Theauthor seeks to explain the evolution of urban design through sociological designsof expenditures.

It was a belief that urbanism is a youthful form. There aremultiple influences that pursuit and redevelopment lands, such as, politicalforces, infrastructure needs, religious, and sociological responses. To set uphis argument for urban design (known as the city) with some concise pointsabout what shapes them. There are some points that make up the author’sdefinition of a city and form. After reading the chapter, it is superficialthat the city explore the meanings behind and pattern it as practices.

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This canit be done by react to what the inhabitants needs are, but the actions andpatterns must be recorded in over time. Urban design is a study of the builtenvironment that includes the relevant social and economic factors that occurover time. Furthermore, as much time goes by, the development of urban areashas evolved.

               There isa massive modern literature about urban form, such as how to make and read it. Ata certain point, urban design cannot neglect the human behavior. While shapingthe cities.

From what I understood, the form could be studied on an abstractimage. Certain cities are designed on the inspirations derived from these oldtownscapes. To connect the methods, Kevin Lynch belief was to do less with the economicorder to form the city self-perception. The concepts of aesthetics is tocreative arrangement of the order and beauty. Motivated the theories and enlightenthe construction of cities are normative. The normative theories attempt tospecify the goodness of what is good city form? Few examples of the normativetheories are as follows the cosmic model, the machine model, and the organicmodel. The cosmic model declared that the form of a permanent clearance shouldbe a mystic model of the universe and its gods. The machine model often occursits future growth to be determined by still unforeseen forces and requires afew simple rules of urbanization.

The outcome is factual, functional and barren.The organic model is the equivalence between the city and living organism. Itis critical with simple grids or static.

In that case, it flows a separatespatial and social unit.               The city’simage move memorable and intense by controlled the theories by leveling privatedevelopment in a way that integrates the social and economic needs of a diverseurban population. In the end, urban design solves practical situations, as it evolvethe people and their value of life.