Dickens adds a dire authorial comment a paragraph later:- “ah, rather overdone, M’Choakumchild. If he had only learnt a little less how infinitely better, he might have taught much more! ” to convey the idea that if he had become a better human being than he would have been a better teacher. References to Morgiana in the tale of Ali Baba and the 40 thieves when she pours boiling oil over the thieves in pot vessels, made in the next paragraph.
Dickens uses this to then write some imaginative language, which ironically criticizes Gradgrind’s school. “when from thy boiling store, thou shalt fill each jar brim full by-and-by, dost thou think that thou wilt always kill outright the robber fancy lurking within-or sometimes only maim him and distort him? ” to betoken the killing of the child’s creativity.
Chapter five, “Keynote,” starts to describe the industrial town of “Coketown” where Mr. Gradgrind’s school is situated. Dickens links the attitude towards education to the terrible life in the factory towns- the same miserable, repetitive life for the children and for the people in the factories. “It was a town of unnatural red and brick like the painted face of a savage,” suggests the barbarism madness of all the lives lost in the factory.
Dickens also uses a visual image of a snake to also suggest the poison of human sprits, evil, and pollution with “machinery and tall chimneys, out of which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever, and never got uncoiled. ” Further, into the second paragraph Charles uses a simile of the motion f a piston to describe tending to machinery like mad, wild out of control beasts, “piston of the steam-engine worked monotonously up and down like the head of an elephant in a state of melancholy madness.
” The repetition of the word “same” is used again as in chapter two, and Opening paragraph chapter 1 of “facts. ” Charles has also repeated “like one another” for similar reason of stressing that everyone’s the same not individuals. Later he says that everything is driven by greed and profit, and because of this people drink and take opium(a form of drug) to escape the misery of their existence in factories, “would induce them to forego their custom of getting drunk.
Then came the chemist and druggist, with other tabular statements, showing that when the didn’t get drunk, they took opium. In the opening chapters of “Hard times,” therefore Dickens gives a harsh cord neglect ion of the ruthlessly practical philosophy of untilitasaism. We are sown how it results in misery for schoolchildren and factory workers. Dickens criticises the way people are treated as cogs in a machine, not human beings what need relaxation, entertainment and sympathy.