Great Expectations

In Victorian times there was a big difference between the rich and poor societies. The rich never communicated with the poor and even lived in separate areas of the town. In the story Mrs Joe lives a poor life she only had a small cramped house, which only has the bare necessities of life. She’s a blacksmith’s wife so doesn’t earn very much and has to leave a simple life.

Compared to Miss Havisham, Mrs Joe is very poor. Miss Havisham has a mansion “I thought how miss Havisham and Estella never sat in a kitchen, but were far above the level of such common things.” Miss Havisham had everything she wanted and looked down on those who were below her. The way people talks differs also, when pip goes to see Miss Havisham, Estella makes fun of the way he talks “With this boy! Why he is a common labouring boy! ” Estella speaks down to pip just because he is poorer than her. Peoples life in the country differs quite a bit to the city “I was scared by the immensity of London” Pip feels scared about how big London is and how easily it could be to get lost, but when he first arrives he’s impressed by its size and ugliness.He hadn’t imagined it to be so big and busy. He prefers the country but understands that people are negative against the people who live in the country. Dickens portrayal of the city starts off with pip walking down the streets of London with Pip walking down the streets of London with Mr Wemmick.

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Pip describes it as dismal “I thought it had the most dismal trees in it, and the most dismal sparrows, and the most dismal cats, and the most dismal houses that I have ever seen. ” When Dickens uses “dismal” it gives the sense that pip feels bored and sullen about where he is.The trials sound as though it’s all a joke, as though it doesn’t matter what happens it’s all for fun. “Front place for half a crown. ” Dickens presents the judicial system as a form of entertainment. The idea of paying for a good view is like being in a theatre. We can tell that he believes it is a bad state as he sees it through pip’s eyes and says, “gave me a sickening view of London.

” At the gates of the prison straw had been placed so to quieten the noise of the passing horse and carts as though the court is really serious.But outside the gates there were also some judges who were drunk and had no idea what day it is. ” I found the roadway covered in straw to deaden the noise of passing vehicles; and from this, and from the quantity of people standing about, smelling strongly of spirits and beer, I inferred that the trials were on. ” He sounds as though he doesn’t like the atmosphere of the prison and he can’t stand why people would want to watch hangings for fun. The execution and transportation of criminals were common forms of punishment.Dickens thought the punishments were in humane and should be stopped. “He was so good as to take me into the yard and show me where the gallows was kept and also where people were publicly whipped heightening the interest of that dreadful portal” he sounds as though he’s disgusted at how people can see or do the executions.

The executions are like being at a theatre an act of enjoyment to please all. A person in the book was hung. Dickens objected and complained about public executions and transportation.We thought it shouldn’t be entertainment for the people but a quiet affair. Dickens family was placed in debtor’s jail for being poor (they couldn’t pay taxes). This makes dickens feel sympathetic towards criminals who are poor because he knows what it feels like to be poor. He also knows that poor people have to steal to get food and the basic necessities, as this is what he and his family had to make do when he was young.

Magwitch first comes into the picture when pip goes to the graveyard, at the beginning of the book, to put flowers on his mum and dad’s grave.It was a dark and gloomy scene. It was raining. This makes him seem as though he is a horrible, creepy and bad man. He is described as being a fearful man “a fearful man, all in course grey, with a great iron on his leg. A man with no hat and with broken shoes and with an old rag tied round his head” his look is shabby as though he’s very poor and has no money. He behaves as though he’s cold and scared “who limped, and shivered, and glared, and growled; whose teeth chattered in his head as he seized me by the chin.

” Dickens demonstrates a degree of sympathy towards Magwitch as though he cares deeply what happens to him. Magwitch sounds as though he’s hurt and looks like he’s travelled a fair distance. He speaks very bluntly and aggressively towards Pip as though he doesn’t want to be there very long and has to dash off somewhere.

When Dickens describes Magwitch he starts off as saying how fearful and scary he looks. ” A fearful man, all in course grey, with a great iron on his leg. ” Then he goes on and starts being sympathetic about him.

“A man who had been soaked in mud and smothered in mud, and lamed by stones, and cut by flints, and stung by briars, who limped and shivered. ” It’s like as if Pip looks at him as being a poor and fearful man who has been badly treated and needs looking after. Then dickens puts him back as being a mean man who was in a hurry. “Glared and growled; whose teeth chattered in his head as he seized me by the chin. ” He sounds as though he wants to scare pip so pip will do as he says and wont betray him.