Exclusion and Marginlisation

‘Exclusion’ and ‘Marginlisation’ issues in society are a factor taken seriously by today’s government. In this assignment the aim is to look a little closer at what excludes and marginalises Gypsy/Roma and Traveller children from education also aiming to analyse and critically evaluate an initiative in place to help this vulnerable group of children. Firstly focusing on understanding what exclusion and marginlisation is in today’s society, secondly learning and drawing on the lifestyles of the Gypsy/Roma and Traveling communitie’s also looking at the history of education so far for the Gypsy/Roma and Traveller children.

Thirdly this assignment will analyse a government’s initiative/policy in place for this vulnerable group of children called “The Inclusion of Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Children and Young People” (DCSF, 2007). Pen ultimately evaluating relevant research from studies and sources linked with experience of Gypsy/Roma and Traveller children and communities. Lastly drawing all conclusions together to reflect if the initiative/policy in place is working or helping and look at what if anything could be done differently to empower this socially excluded group of children.Social Exclusion describes a process by which certain groups are systematically disadvantaged because they are discriminated against on the basis of their ethnicity, race, religion, sexual orientation, descent, gender, age, disability or living location i. e.

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government housing of deprived areas. Discrimination occurs in public institutions, such as education, health services and the legal system (Palmer, Maclnnes, Kenway, 2002).Marginalisation is the social process of becoming or being made marginal (to relegate or confine to a lower social standing or outer limit or edge) “the marginalisation of underclass”. Marginalisation involves people being denied degrees of power; it also has potential to result in severe material deprivation and in its extreme form can exterminate groups (Mullaly, p 252, 2007). The term Traveller suggests an homogenous group of people and immediately misinforms us.

There is no single group of Travellers.Traveller is a collective term for those entire ethnic minority and cultural communities who travel for work purposes or who keep travel as an option and key part in their lives (O’Hanlon ; Holmes, p1, 2004). In their own communities the families of travellers may assert their specific identities as: Gypsy (English, Welsh), Traveller (Irish, Scottish), Showmen (Fairground) and Circus.

These are the traditional communities in the United Kingdom today (GRT, 2008). Historically school is the institution for the sedentary population.The open door policy of the 1950s and 1960s where schools were there if you wanted them, failed Gypsy/Roma and traveller children miserably, this was criticised by the Department for Education and Science “Open door policy, the schools are there, let the Travellers use them; that is if they remain long enough, are bold enough, confident enough, keen enough and persistent enough to seek and gain admission.

It is not surprising that in these circumstances many fall at these hurdles, especially with this kind of discrimination” (Hawes ; Perez, p 73-76, 1996).