For the purpose of this assignment I will compare and contrast two educational settings and discuss the many factors within these settings that affect the education delivered there. To begin with, I will clarify the term educational institutions/organisations, as my two settings fall under this category. When we use the term educational institution, we naturally assume schools, colleges, and universities and if that is extended then we may include libraries and museums at a push.
But the actual meaning of an educational organisation is simply an arrangement of educators, learners and a means of delivering the education.This does not have to have to be a purpose built building such as a school or a library. An educational organisation can be a department in a workplace specifically dealing with the training being delivered to the staff. It is basically a centre which brings together the resources and means for delivering education, with a focus on the learner. But other possible educational institutions could be a local supermarket, mosques / churches / synagogues, a factory, a garden centre. I would also include media as an educational institution: TV, newspapers, the internet, the radio, computer programmes etc.
Within the turn of the 21st century these have proved to be not only a vital but also an essential medium for delivering education. But if education is a product then who decides what goes in and out of that product? According to Brighouse (2006, p. 6), what the school can and should contribute to education is influenced by what happens beyond the school. Personally I agree with this idea, where education should be holistic, not individualized. It should be delivered in a way that is tailored to suit the learner but the content should be relevant to events happening at that moment in time; I.
e.pupil centred.For example: the current political movements, current debate topics on the radio or religious activities.
Subsequently, to understand educational organisation it is important to know what is meant by the term ‘education’. The term education can be used to imply a number of things including the basic and most commonly known meaning taken from an online dictionary, (Dictionary Reference 2008, online): “The act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life.” However in the 21st century, education has taken a more radical turn. Where schools are expected to take much more responsibility for their students. So previously where their duty was limited to providing education and ensuring that this was achieved but now they have to make sure that their student’s emotional, mental and financial wellbeing is taken care of. Politicians, parents, doctors, social workers, employers and other individuals/organisations involved on a professional basis, are constantly dictating what it is that should be taking place in schools.They do so by setting out ever changing and elaborate policies and guidelines that all schools and educators should adopt. Many of these principles and policies centre on the students interests instead of the wider society but it obviously depends on the type of organisation what they focus their output on.
E. g. a library will focus on the 3 core subjects (English, maths and science) whereas a museum may only focus on the resources they have and provide information and resources relevant to that.