A Summary of Studies
Loewenstein (2004) (16)
Participants: 25 with Alzheimer disease (AD). Cognitive training included: a task of making a connections between face, name, location, time, processing data and effectively completing functional tasks.
Participants showed improvement with their allocated tasks that were used in training after a follow up at 3 months.
Cahn-Weiner, Malloy, Rebok & Ott (2010) (17)
Participants: 34 with AD. Cognitive training included: daily living activities, memory questionaaires, recall and recognition.
After 6 weeks, there was improvement on recalling test material that was shown during the training.
Davis, Massman & Doody (2001) (18)
Participants: 37 with AD. Cognitive training included: Personal information recall, face-name recall, Verbal Series Attention Test.
After 5 weeks, significant improvement with face-name training, spaced retrieval and cognitive stimulation.
Unverzagt, Guey, Jones, Marsiske, King (2012) (20)
Participants: Total 2,808, 189 with Dementia. Cognitive training included: Daily tasks which included spanning meal prepation, housework, finances, healthcare, telephone, shopping for 7 days.
After a 5 year followup, there was no effect from the cognitive training.
Belleville (2007) (21)
Participants: 21 with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Cognitive training included: Word list recall, face name association.
Significant postive effect on episodic memory with both healthy adults and patients with MCI.
Yang (2016) (22)
Participants:Total 40, 24 with MCI and 16 with AD. Cognitive training included: Testing computer based cognitive training. Tested 20 times for 10 weeks.
After 10 weeks, there was greater improvement in attention, calculation, memory and frontal function. Patients with MCI showed improvement however patients with dementia showed little improvement.
Talassi, Guerreschi, Feriani, Fedi, Bianchetti & Trabucchi (2007) (23)
Participants: Total 66, 30 with MCI and 24 with AD. Cognitive training included: Computerized cognitive training, occupational therapy and behavioral training vs physical rehabilitation, occupational therapy and behavioral training
After the training, AD improved word fluency. MCI improved in long term visospatial memory. Both showed reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety