As stated in the united States Environmental Protection Agency’s report, common recyclable materials are briefly paper, plastic, glass, metals, comfortable trials such as food scraps and yard trimmings and miscellaneous materials such as batteries ( “Common Recyclable Materials” 1 Recycling provides many environmental benefits for instance reducing air and water pollution, saving energy, saving natural resources, reducing the need to build landfills and reducing greenhouse gas emission (“Environmental Benefits of Recycling’ I). 2. 1.Recycling in Turkey Environmental protection and recycling are currently immature processes in Turkey. As reported by Turkish Statistical Institute, there are 34 million ton urban sate and 17,5 million ton industrial waste in 2004; however, recycling rates are so low. For instance, recycling rate of paper is 40% in 2012 in Turkey; on the Other hand this rate is about 70% in European Union countries. Additionally, in comparison to high packing waste recycling average rate 30% of Europe, Turkey lagged far behind the average (G;n;al; 2).
This problematic condition caused by two main problems, insufficient physical structure and unconsciousness of people. There are 208 collecting and separating facility and 171 recycling center in Turkey (Killing 2). Nevertheless, substantial centers also haven’t used efficiently due to lack of consciousness of people about recycling. 2. 2. Recycling in Bilking university Recycling processes such as collecting and keeping recyclable materials is handled by Support Services unit in Bilking university.Infrastructure of recycling in Bilking University contain 30 recycling boxes which are located several points in campus (“Recycling in Bilking University l).
The quantity to recycling points is passable but resources neutralized. The underlying cause for this situation is unconsciousness which is a crucial robber about recycling. Having taken all the aspects of the situation into consideration it is beyond doubt that, unconsciousness is one of the main problems about recycling in Turkey.
In this paper it is intended to consider the causes of unconsciousness matter of recycling and generate Bilking University is taken as a sampling frame of country-wide. 2. Problem Definition Unconsciousness of people about recycling can be classified under three sub- headings; 33.
Educational Aspect Education on environmental problems is vital to the sustainable environmental solutions (“Environmental Benefits Of Recycling’ 201). Some universities in Europe and North America have responded to the need for environmental education.In these universities, there are briefly two types Of methods drawing attention, which are training specialists and integrating environmental issues into the Other training (“Environmental Benefits Of Recycling” 201 Despite the environmental consciousness is a worldwide significant issue.
There is no course or lecture which contains topics about training environmental specialist in its syllabus in Bilking University. The only course which considers environmental issues is ENGAGE, but it is insufficient. . 4.Social Aspect Social aspect of the problem is all about the lack of social awareness and sensitivity about recycling. Students do not pay satisfactory attention to the environmental topics, Recycling is one of the mentioned unnoticed environmental topics. There is no sustainable activity, event or social community in campus to raise social awareness about this issue, In university carcasses, student clubs are key figures of social campus life. Bilking University has a student club named Social Sensitivity Projects; however, the club is inactive on the recycling matter.
3. 5. Psychological AspectBesides these two problems, lack of motivation is also a major problem, Motivation is an essential psychological feature which reinforces an action toward a desired goal. There may be some people who do not get into the act even if they are aware of the significance of recycling. People need motivation to give required importance to the issue Of recycling and Step up to the plate.
3. Proposed Solutions 4. 6.
Additional Courses and Programs In Bilking University, there should be programs, courses or lectures which are solely shedding light on environmental illiteracy. Generally, approximately . % of all students in Latvia chose courses in environment and sustainable development at university level (“Development of Environmental Science Study Content” 2).
Environmental issues are one of the most significant matters in today’s world, so universities are responsible for educating new specialist or at least sensitive citizens about environment, Moreover, all students in Bilking Linearity should be aware of environmental aspects of the issue and recycling. A common course which includes environmental topics such as recycling should he added to curriculums of every department. . Student Clubs and Events As mentioned before, student clubs have leading roles on social life in university campuses. In order to raise social awareness to community, student clubs may be used as a milestone.
In Bilking University, a student club whose main purpose is raising awareness about environment may be constituted. One of the sub- units of this club have to focus on recycling topic. This student club should conduct seminars in which experts and specialists give lectures, seminars and conferences about recycling. Within the scope of this club, workshops might be organized.In these workshops, there should be various games to promote social awareness and creative activities in an interactive mane Additionally, a competition can be organized about recycling topic to form an opinion about raising recycling rate.
4. 8. Motivators Apart from putting recycling boxes in various points in campus, Support Services Unit ought to conduct campaigns to motivate people for using these boxes. For instance, a campaign about collecting plastic bottles can be conducted. Within the scope Of the project, a tree could be planted on behalf Of the donation owner due his/her great effort on the issue.At the end of the campaign, a tree planting ceremony should be held. This campaign can motivate people to use waste in an efficient way.
4. Criteria for Assessing Solutions 5. 9. Feasibility For the all proposed solutions it is important if these ideas may be accomplished or not. Second and third solutions look applicable. For the first educational based solution it is ambiguous whether could be accomplished or not. 5. 10, Effectiveness Effectiveness is very significant factor for my all proposed solutions, because inefficient usage of opportunities is a considerable part to problem definition.
Each solution is qualified to reach efficient results S. I I Acceptability Opinion of society is a significant factor for all proposed solutions. Primarily, for the first educational based solution it is more significant criteria. First solution affects every student’s curriculum and changes schedules, so it is disputable. 5. 12 Cost Cost is a substantial measure to apply all proposed solutions.
First and second solutions can require little expenses, but inaccessible amounts Of expenses are beside the point. For the all proposed solutions, Bilking University may cover expenses.Especially for the second solution, expenses can be covered by budget of student clubs. 5. Methodology In order to evaluate the view Of the society, I am planning to conduct a survey. Making this survey will give a chance to measure of the social acceptance of my solutions.
Secondly, am planning to make an interview with a professor in Psychology Department, to get his opinion about motivation methods. Am also planning to interview with Support Services unit to get information about the current status of recycling in Bilking university.