A mobile phone is awireless handheld device that allows users to make calls and send textmessages, among other features. The earliest generation of mobile phones couldonly make and receive calls. Today’s mobile phones, however, are packed withmany additional features, such as web browsers, games, cameras, video playersand even navigational systems.
A mobile phone may also be known as a cellularphone or simply cell phone.Mobilephones provide adolescents with a new form of social interaction where they areable to develop and maintain their peer group with their own rules andconventions (Auter, 2007). Various modes of communication through mobile phonesare texting, voice calls, video calls collectively makes easy for theadolescents to communicate with each other in a variety of ways at any time orplace (Auter, 2007; Boneva, Quinn, kraut, Kiesler and Shlovski, 2006; Schianoet al., 2002).
Mobile phones have also made adolescents to relate and communicatewith one another to some degree that have replaced conventional methods ofcommunication through increased possibilities of making phone calls, exchangingmessages, emailing, sharing data and organising e-calendars, all of whichfoster a new level of social connectedness like sharing of information,informing and personable (Peters & Allouch, 2005).Mobilephone is being one of the most important integral parts in this 21stcentury in everyday life only found strange when it is not present. The spreadof mobile phone is affecting people’s lives and relationship and affects theface-to-face interaction into face-to-face-to-mobile phone-face, hence thepeople changed over to include the mobile phone as a participant. India’stelecommunication network is the second largest in the world, based on thetotal number of users. As the standard of living improves, cell phone ownershipis nearly present among the students and much of the growth in student’s cellphone ownership has been driven by adoption among the younger students. Everymonth and day new technologies are being created and today’s discoveries andinventions quickly become yesterday’s news.These technologies capture attentionand have usability and the easiness of everyday life.
Still more students aretrying to replace these electronic delights with feeling of loneliness,isolation or boredom. It makes the worlds miles as under. Indiantelecommunication is getting rapid growth in recent years.
In India 75% ofschool students between 12-17 age groups have mobile phones, Krithika, Dr.S.Vasantha.
Nomophobiais the unreasonable fear of being without your mobile phone or being unable touse your phone for some reason, such as the absence of a signal or running outof minutes or battery power. A phobia is defined as irrational fear. Review ofliterature “TheMobile Phone Usage among Teens and Young Adults Impact of Invading Technology” Krithika, Dr.S.
Vasantha ,International Journal ofInnovative Research inScience,Engineering and Technology(An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization)Vol. 2, Issue 12,December 2013In this study theresearcher explored the patternof mobile phone usage among teens and young adults in Chennai.It alsoexamines the extent of addictive behaviour towards the usage of mobile phoneusages, Questionnaire survey method was used toelicit the responses.Higher secondary students and first year college students were considered aspopulation and simplerandom sampling technique were used to select the sampleof 201 students.
The collected data were analyzed with the helpof various toolsand techniques to draw meaningful inferences and conclusion. “Adolescent use of mobile phones: A social context” Dr J-F, Dr Darren Pullen, and Dr Karen Swabey, Universityof Tasmania, Australia. Australian Educational Computing, 2014, 29(1).
The study was conducted to know the connectedness andcommunication with peers as an essential part of adolescents’ self identity;mobiles phones are a channel that maintains both communication andconnectedness among adolescents (aged 13-15) whereby social interactions andconnectedness are not limited by place, context or time. To study mobile phoneusage among adolescents, Grade 9 (n= 218) middle-school students in Queensland,Australia were surveyed using a self-developed questionnaire. The purpose ofthe study was to explore the relationship between mobile phone usage anddevelopmental frameworks. The results suggest that young people use theirmobile phones as a way of expressing their sense of self and as a means ofcommunication quickly between peers.The Use of Mobile Phones by South African University StudentsDavid North, KevinJohnston, and Jacques Ophoff University of Cape Town, South Africa, 2014 [email protected]
Thisstudy explores the use and role of mobile phones among South African universitystudents. Four main categories are used to examine the students’ mobile phoneuses: reasons to use mobile phones, pattern of mobile phone use, purchasingfactors, and behaviour-related issues. Through a quantitative approach data wascollected from 362 participants using a survey. The key findings indicate thatthe main reason South African university students (mainly from the Universityof Cape Town) use a mobile phone is for socializing, as well as for safety andprivacy purposes. Usability and price emerged as the top purchasing factors.
The respondents showed some signs of addiction to their mobile phones. Differencesin mobile phone use by gender were found, with female students showingincreased mobile phone use for safety and socializing, interest in brand andtrends, as well as signs of addiction. The findings could prove beneficial tomarketers, mobile phone developers, universities, parents, and researchersexploring mobile phone adoption and usage pattern in a developing country suchas South Africa. Materials and Methods Need for the study School isconsidered as the second home of the children. It is the place where studentsget into a proper structure and develop themselves.
Adolescence is the agewhere the school students tend to change their attitude and behaviour accordingto their wish. In today’s modern world technological development and electronicgadgets are taking a lead role in every activities of our life and that too instudents’ life. It is significant to give knowledge and know how far the usageof these devices will affect the student’s life. Statement of the problem The researcher tried to showcase the usage ofmobile phones among the school students to know the level of usage, purpose ofusage, role of mobile phones among the school students.
It is necessary that inthe globalizing era, where modern technologiesover-rule our day to day lifeactivities we are relying to any one of the electronic gadgets to assist us forour activities. This is right in a way when our usage is for the right purpose,because there may be many ways for us to get deviated from our needful purpose.Thus school students also have the possibilities to make the usage in both theways. Objective of the study · To study the attitude of school students towardsthe mobile phone· To know about the socio-demographic profile ofschool students· To know theusage patterns; gender-wise peculiarities of usage of mobile phones· To examine the functionality and awareness of usageof mobile phones among school students Research design The studydescribes the socio-demographic data and the usage of mobile phones among theschool students.
Hence the researcher used descriptive design for the study. Universe and sample The universe of the study consists of 150 students in Standard IX A, B and C in a reputed school inTiruchirappalli City Corporation. By using simple random sampling method andlottery technique STD IX A was selected for the study.
There were 50 studentsin IX A, Census method was adopted and data was collected from all the 50students. In which 25 were boys and 25 were girls. Toolsfor data collection Socio-demographic datawas used to collect personal details of the students. Self-preparedquestionnaire was used to know the usage of mobile phones for data collection. Analysisand Interpretation Findings · Half of the respondents are male (50%) and half ofthe respondents are female (50).· Majorityof the respondents are from urban area(96%) and only (4%) are from rural area.
· Half of the respondents have their own mobile phone(50%)and also have regular access towards mobile phone, half (50%) don’t haveon their own and also don’t have regular access on mobile phones· (40%) of the students rarely use mobile phones,(26%) of the students use once in a day, (24%) of the students use twice a dayand only (10%) of the students are using mobile phones regularly· Purpose of using mobile phone: (52%) of thestudents use for all purposes like calls, SMS, games; (22%) of the students usemobile phone for the purpose of calls, (20%) of the students use mobile for thepurpose of chatting· Hours spending activities in mobile phone: (60%) ofthe students spent half an hour in a day, (20%) of the students spent 1 hour aday, (14%) of the students spend two hours a day· (84%) of the students spend half an hour for a day,(16%) of the students spend one hour in a day for calls· (76%) of the students spend half an hour a day forSMS, (20%) of the students spend one hour for SMS, (2%) of them are spending onSMS for 2 hours and (2%) for more than two hours a day· (56%) of the students spend half an hour for gamesin day, (30%) of the students spend one hour for day, only (8%) of the studentsuse mobile phones for games more than 2 hours· (52%) of the students spend half an hour for chatting,(28%) of the students spend one hour for chatting and (12%) spend two hours forchatting· (46%) of the students spend time for browsing inmobile phone, (28%) of the students spend time for browsing in a day, (18%)spend two hours for browsing and (8%) of them spend more than two hours forbrowsing· More than half of the students (92%) use theirmobile phone for educational purpose like dictionary, searching for projects,assignments, question paper search, e-books search, padasalai, Byju’sapplication and (8%) use it for other purposes· (82%) ofthe students make 10-15 calls in a day, (6% )of them make 15-20 calls a day and(8%) of them make more than 20 calls a day· (66%)ofthestudentssend 10-15 SMS a day, (8%) send 15-20 SMS a day and (26%) send more than thatfor SMS· Half (50%) of the students responded that they canmanage without using mobile phone and half (50%) of they cannot· Reaction of students in the absence of mobile phoneusage: (46%) of them feel sad, (28%)feel happy, (16%) feel alone and (14% )feel angry· (62%) of the students can sleep without touchingtheir mobile phone and (38%) of them cannot able to sleep· (82%) of them are not aware of Nomophobia and (18%)are aware of Nomophobia· Half (50%) of the students responded that usingmobile phone is affecting their studies and half (50%) of them responded thatit is not affecting their studies· (68%)of thestudentssaidthat they have orientationabout mobile phone usage, (32%) responded that they do not have orientationabout the usage of mobile phone· More than half (52%) of the respondents said thatusage of mobile phones helps in education, (38%) says that it helps for manypurposes like education, recreation, reminders, devotional and health; (6%) forrecreation and (4%) as reminders· (76%) of the responded that they know to block anderase messages and (24%) do not know to do it· (40%) have accepted that using mobile phone affectstheir home work and (60%) responded that it is not affecting their process ofdoing home work· (70%) of the respondents agreed that mobile phoneusage affects their sleep and (30%) of the respondents responded that it is notaffecting their sleep· (58%) of the respondents opposed that they are notable to engage themselves in outdoor activities and (42%) said by the usage ofmobile phone they are not able engage themselves in outdoor activities· (66%) of the respondents agreed that usage ofmobile phone help in their personal growth and (34%) said that it does not helpin personal growth Social work intervention Ø Schools can provide orientation program to the students regarding thesafe usage of mobile phonesØ Students prone towards regular use of mobile phone need case workIntervention.Ø Community organisation programmes can be organised in schools and incommunities to sensitize the students on safe usage of mobile phones.Ø Guest lecturers, resource person’s can be invited to the schools toshare about the importance of usage of mobile phonesØ Parent teachers communication can be initiated and promoted to makemutual understanding between the parents and teachers regarding the usage ofmobile phonesØ Group work can also be done among student community to promote safe usageof mobile phones Conclusion In this developing and modernised world, inventionsand technologies are becoming more popular. All of us are getting used to themodern inventions in the name of trend. Also all of us are vulnerable towards”addiction” that means the regular use or access of mobile phone. Now a day’sadolescents are exposed to use of electronic gadgets and is becoming morevulnerable to many risks. Hence proper guidance and awareness should be givento the school student’s regarding the positive way of using mobile phones.