Abstract: Migraineis a very common headache disorder which is painful and disabling. Previousstudy showed that migraine incidence peaked at the ages of 20s, whose majorityare college students. As a result, campus life, particularly program studyselection, becomes one potential risk factor of migraine. This study aimed todetermine whether study program selection significantly affects the occurrenceof migraine among Indonesia International Institute for Life Sciences (i3L)students. A data retrieval was conducted by using an online questionnaire.
Thedata was gathered from i3L students whose cohort is 2016 and then analyzed byusing SPSS version 16. The result showed that study program did notsignificantly affect the occurrence of migraine among i3L students, both ingeneral and when the gender was distinguished. However, regular caffeineconsumption showed a significant correlation with the occurrence of migraine amongfemale students, which might be caused by caffeine rebound. In conclusion,study program did not significantly affect the occurrence of migraine among i3Lstudents; however, excessive caffeine consumption might be a potential riskfactor of migraine among female students. Keywords: correlation, study program, migraine, student IntroductionMigraine is a headache disorder which is caused bythe release of pain-producing inflammatory substances around the nerves andblood vessels of the head (WHO, 2016).
It is a very common neurologicaldisorder that affects at least one in seven adults in the world (WHO, 2014).Even though the prevalence is high, the burden due to migraine cannot beoverlooked. Not only painful, migraine is also disabling. According to Stovneret al. (2007), the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) of migraine reaches 70%,placing migraine at the 19th position of all causes of disability(WHO, 2001).
Previous study showed that migraine incidence peakedat the ages of 20-24 years in women and 15-19 years in men (Steewart, 2008), whichmeans that young adults have a high chance to get migraine. As the majority ofyoung adults are college students, campus life becomes one potential riskfactor of migraine. One of the most fundamental element in campus life is studyprogram selection, because different study programs have different level ofactivities and stress. This study aimed to determine whether study programselection significantly affects the occurrence of migraine among IndonesiaInternational Institute for Life Sciences (i3L) students. MethodsFirst, an onlinequestionnaire was made by using Google Forms. The questionnaire consisted ofseveral multiple choices and short answer questions about the exposure (studyprogram), disease (migraine), and expected confounding factors of the disease. Then,the questionnaire was shared among i3L students whose cohort is 2016.
After thedata was gathered, it was analyzed by using SPSS version 16. One-way ANOVA wasused to see the correlation between ordinal and nominal data, while SpearmanCorrelation was used to analyze the correlation between two ordinal data.