According to Gisele Bundchen an expert from Brazil “Yes, Brazil, like the whole world, stands to lose a lot in a climate-altered world. But it’s also one of the major forces determining our future: It’s the home of most of the Amazon rainforest”(1987) Currently, the Amazon rainforest is the most important component that is helping improve climate and weather. Most of the rainforest is located in Brazil. However, between 1991 and 2000, the Amazon rainforest lost between 415,000 to 587,000 square kilometers (160,000 to 227,000 sq. mi) (Mongabay,2017.
). Due to over-deforestation the Amazon rainforest is currently facing a crisis. Forests like this are important for every person who lives on the earth. Because they supply oxygen and offer suitable habitats for wildlife while improving the environment.
Deforestation of the Amazon causes a decrease in oxygen levels which affect all forms of life. As everybody knows, no living organism can survive without oxygen. Every form of life, from the lowest single cell organism to the highest human-being, requires significant oxygen every single second. According to research, there is about 40% of oxygen which is produced by Amazon rainforest. This is amazing as they make up only about 6 percent of the of the earth surface.
The Amazon Rainforest is described as the “Lungs of our Planet” because it provides a basic environmental service to recycle carbon dioxide into oxygen. The Amazon rainforest, which is the most effective oxygen producer, has a serious deforestation problem. The Amazon Rainforest produced more than 20% oxygen all over the world. (Boddireddy,2017) An acre of trees in the city’s forests is estimated to produce enough oxygen for eight people to remove 188 pounds of carbon dioxide from the air. (Curley, 2017) Because of this effect, the forest weakens effects of global warming continually, so the earth can afford more population and animals.
In 2011, according to environmental experts the destruction of the Amazon rainforest now has accelerated the pace of global warming. Due to this decrease the oxygen that people rely on to survive has fallen by a third. This area has been affected, such as decreased animals and environmental damage. Deforestation can lead to loss of wild animals’ habitats. It can also cause degradation of their habitats leading to lower survival rates of wildlife.
Forests all over the world provide a comfortable and healthy environment for wild animals. With deforested area increasing, more and more animals are losing their homes. Deforestation of the Amazon destroys the forest canopy, which regulates heat and shade for plants and animals. There are other kinds of tropical rainforest trees that provide shelter for some species. These same trees provide many crown temperatures for regulation, many of the other requirements.
Deforestation can reduce drastic changes from day to night. Temperatures will be worse than mirror deserts, which may be fatal to current residents. (Pachamama,2017) People usually don’t cut down trees one by one for any reason. Depending on the quality of woods, and the fertility level of the land, trees are cut in small pockets throughout the forest. This is an example of fragmentation habitats. Fragmentation habitats are too small to keep a stable number of animals. They cannot provide enough food, water, or living space to remaining in habitats.
Animals may encounter dangerous situations when they attempt to migrate between habitat fragments.These include the intensification of the conflict between humans and wildlife and the collision of vehicles. As wildlife habitats get closer to the edge of the forest, wildlife is in danger of being more vulnerable to predation. Poaching, wind, sunlight, invasion of exotic plants and animal species, and natural disasters don’t have much of a threat before deforestation. (Greentumble, Aug. 2015) Deforestation of the Amazon increases the number of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming and climate change. Many people are more concerned about the economic impact than they are about improving the climate.
For local people, what is being remaining alive should be more significant to them than the environment. Food should the top priority. (Banner,2014) Environmentalists point out that communities are growing rapidly, but they are only temporary when the forests are deforested. As woodcutters and local sources are near depletion, the rate of development will soon fall below the national average. Since 2000, the Amazon rainforest in Brazil has covered more than 155,000 square kilometers and has been cut for timber or incineration for agricultural purposes. Approximately 1.8 million hectares of land are destroyed each year, with 4 football pitches per minute. The Amazon rainforest, one of the most biodiverse regions in the world, protects against climate change by absorbing carbon dioxide and sustaining the cycle of geochemistry.
(Jha, A. Jun. 2009) The aforementioned information demonstrates how important the Amazon rainforest is, and how important it is to protect. Andrew Balmford of the University of Cambridge said, “The current trajectory of Amazonian growth and depression is unpopular with humans and catastrophic for other species and the world climate. Reversing this pattern will depend on capturing the value of the entire forest beyond the Amazon so that the local people’s livelihood will be better when the forest is felled.
” Protecting the Amazon rainforest can help control climate and weather change.As Evaristo Nugkuag who is an activist for environmental and indigenous people’s causes said, “The forest is not a resource for us, it is life itself. It is the only place for us to live.” The Amazon rainforest is lung of the earth, we need to protect it as much as we possibly can.