According people do not understand how our lives

According
to Kagi, GNP growth, population growth and other macroeconomic factors have a
significant impact on the rate of deforestation (134). As the population grows,
there is a need of land; this leads to exploitation of the already fragmented
forest. Forests also provide a home for wildlife and people, as well as,
produce vital oxygen. People rely on forests for food, clothing, fresh water,
shelter and herbal medicine. However, forests all over the world are under
threat from deforestation. Deforestation comes in many forms, including
development, ranching, clear-cutting for agriculture, fires, and logging for
timber. This threatens a wide range of plant varieties, animal species, and
people’s livelihoods. Forests play a crucial role in alleviating climate change
as they act as a carbon sink that soaks up carbon dioxide that would otherwise
contribute to changes in climate patterns. Deforestation compromises the
critical carbon sink function. It is estimated that fifteen percent of all
greenhouse gas emission is because of deforestation (“Deforestation”). Trees
absorb greenhouse gases that fuel the rate of global warming. As such, we
should stop deforestation because it affects the people who rely on forests,
whether directly or indirectly, endangers plants and animals, and increases the
greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.    

        Forest helps in regulating the humid
climate. It also ensures there is continuous act as water catchment area which
facilitates a constant supply of water that serves both plants and the human
settlements. Fewer trees mean that there is a more substantial amount of
greenhouse gases entering the atmosphere, which increases the rate of global
warming.  Understanding the effect of
deforestation is vital to preserving not only the climate but also other
economic factors that depend on it such as hydropower generation and
agricultural productivity. Deforestation is a relatively modern event that is
gradually gaining momentum. As evident in the article by Jonathan Watts, there
is a higher risk of loss of water catchment areas if the current rate of
deforestation is not put under control, as evident in the case of Sao Paulo.
One reason why the problem receives minimal attention in the media is that most
people do not understand how our lives are linked to the wellbeing of forests.
However, in reality, it would be impossible for people to survive in the
absence of trees. It is, therefore, necessary to assess the underlying causes
of deforestation and develop solutions which can reduce the present rate.

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Deforestation
has a greater negative impact on the environment as there is a loss of habitat
for millions of species existing hence their chances of survival are limited.
Cutting down of trees also eliminates the forest canopy that blocks the sun
rays during daytime and holds heat at night. This leads to an extreme swing in
temperature that is harmful to both animals and plants. One of the main reasons
for increased rates of deforestation is the growth of cities and the human
consumption. A large segment of the population has shifted to the urban centers
in the last three decades. Most of these people are from rural areas whereby
there is less pressure on the land. However, when they move to the cities, there
is pressure on the existing resources, and this leads to expansion of the towns
(Rogers 73). Consequently, forests will be cut down to pave the way for new
houses and to lay new infrastructure. The second factor is human consumption.
Timber is used to make numerous materials ranging from paper to furniture. As
the demand for these products increases, so does the rate at which
deforestation occurs. The problem has been further worsened by the fact that
furniture made using hardwood trees such as mahogany are considered as highly
valuable. Many people are therefore willing to take the risk and get into the
forest to obtain such trees since they are assured of sufficient returns once
they make the furniture. As such, if deforestation is to be reduced, the issue
of human consumption should be addressed.

Primary
research conducted among family, friends, and experts through questionnaires
and interviews focused on understanding the human dimension of the
environmental problem and how they can help through volunteering. The research
was designed to examine the effect of deforestation on the ecosystem. The
number of people who participated in questionnaires and interviews was
seventy-three. The response from family and friends were as follows, a majority
of eighty percent of the respondents are of the opinion that deforestation
affects the habitats that are the human livelihood, plants and animal
existence. They were further in agreement that it leads to global warming.
Fifteen percent argue that deforestation does not have a greater impact on
climate as they believe that industrialization is the major cause of greenhouse
effect, while five percent are not sure if deforestation affects the
inhabitants and leads to global warming. Response from responders further
indicated that the best volunteering activities would be planting of more tree
and reporting of any cases of deforestation to the concern authorities. From
the response of the experts, it was noted that there is a difference in the
shape of the landscape, soils, climate and weather, animals and vegetation
between forested and deforested areas. Everyone agreed that forested regions
had more animals and vegetation, unlike areas that have been deforested.

From
the primary and secondary research, there is clear evidence that deforestation
has a more negative impact as compared to positive. There is also excessive
proof that suggests that deforestation leads to catastrophic global warming.
Two examples of the devastating effects of global warming include the heat
waves evident in various parts of the world and the increasing number of
flooding incidences in seaside towns. In 2015, the heat wave in India resulted
in the death of more than 2500 people, with additional deaths in the following
years. The heatwave in India was so intense that in 2017, it was reported that
it was melting the tarmac roads (“Record heat wave scorches India.”).
Similarly, global warming results in the melting of the ice caps at the poles,
increasing the level of water. This issue is prevalent in the Gulf of Mexico
and US coastal towns where rising water levels have led to the death of
hundreds of people and destruction of property worth millions of dollars. As
the level of deforestation has increased in the last two decades, so has the
rate at which flooding occurs in the affected areas. The rising water levels
have also contributed to tsunamis in various parts of the world.

The
increased levels of deforestation have a negative impact on wildlife. This is
evident in the tropical countries where the number of wild animals is high. The
forests offer these animals both shelter and food, which has ensured their
survival for centuries. However, the situation is looking dire as the rate of
deforestation increases. The result is that many of these animals lose their
natural habitat and they have no option but to stay in the open savanna where
they are preyed upon (“Deforestation”). One endangered animal because of such
human activity is the mountain gorilla. In the past, they were found in various
parts of Africa. This is no longer the case since human activity has resulted
in encroachment of their natural habitats. The result has been a significant
reduction in their population, and currently, they can only be found in few
areas on the continent. While this is an example of a direct effect of
deforestation, the indirect result is that some communities depend on such
wildlife for their livelihood. Each year, thousands of tourists make their way
to such countries to view the wildlife. This has led to a booming tourism
industry that involves tour operators, hotels, and even airlines. Based on the
current trends, the decrease in wildlife has resulted in lower tourist numbers.
Unlike in the past, it has become increasingly difficult for tourists to spot
wildlife when they are on tours. As a result, many are seeking alternative
tourist destinations, which has a negative impact on the communities and
companies that depend on the industry for their income.

Degradation
and deforestation are among the complex problems. There is no direct solution
other than saving the forest.  Ending
deforestation is our best chance of protecting the natural inhabitants of the
forest as well as curbing global warming. A Volunteering campaign for a free
deforestation campaign is one of the steps in protecting the environment. Some
argue that making a conscious effort to change the environment for good is the
proper way to go. To take environmental stewardship to another new level is
through the passion of volunteering as an individual, friends or as a
community. One of the best initiatives is the planting of trees program.
Through this program, there is a greater investment for healthy forest for the
present and future generation. This will help in the restoration of thousands
of acres that were destroyed as result of deforestation. With the help, there
will be the protection of the watersheds that provide life most sustaining
resources and much important; it will help in the fight of the global climate
change hence sustaining life on this planet. As a member of LOYAC service is my
joy, I saw the great impact volunteering can have on our environment. All of
the members of that program managed to redecorate and plant trees in a public park
in less than four hours.  

Some
argue that volunteerism in environment conservation is limited. There are of
the opinion that for a sustainable environment some factors come to play. There
is the belief that for pollution is the critical thing that leads to disaster
in environment and climate. Therefore, they believe curbing of this problem
starts with curbing the pollutants other than focusing on the environment.  There should also be strict guidelines for
companies in the timber trade. Any party that will be found operating outside
these regulations should be subjected to paying fines, withdrawal of their
operating licenses and payment of penalties. Currently, there are many
companies whose sole focus is increasing their profits annually without
considering the impact that this has on the environment. An alternative would
be to force such firms to invest in planting trees which they can harvest in
future, instead of relying entirely on natural forests.

In
conclusion, there is need to stop deforestation because it affects everyone,
regardless of whether they depend on the forests directly or indirectly. Based
on the primary research, it is evident that everyone agrees that the level of
deforestation is on the increase and there is need to develop measures to deal
with the issue. Similarly, there are natural events around the world which also
lead to the same conclusion. Examples of these include the heat waves in India
and flooding along the US coastline. Some of the main factors that have
resulted in increased deforestation include the settlement of more people in
urban centers such as cities and human consumption, which has led to a high
demand for more timber products. Additionally, the lack of uniformity regarding
the management of forest resources has also contributed to the problem. While a
few countries are strict on deforestation, a majority of the countries lack the
same framework to restrict illegal logging in the forests.

As
such, there are various solutions to this problem. One involves increased
sensitization on the role that forests have in regards to the wellbeing of
human beings through a reforestation campaign. Once people understand how their
survival is intertwined with the forests, they will take preventative actions
to save them. The second strategy is reforestation whereby people will take an
active role in safeguarding the future by planting trees. Millions of acres of
forests have already been cut, but planting trees ensures that future
generations will not be faced with the same problems. The third step involves
putting in place fines and penalties for all the parties involved in
deforestation. The most crucial element in regards to dealing with the problem
is taking action as soon as possible to prevent further deforestation.