APES Chapter 23 Vocab

biocides
See pesticides.

biological pest control
Control of pest populations by natural predators, parasites, or disease-causing bacteria and viruses (pathogens).
chlorinated hydrocarbon
Organic compound made up of atoms of carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine. Examples are DDT and PCBs.
DDT
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, a chlorinated hydrocarbon that has been widely used as an insecticide but is now banned in some countries.

fungicide
Chemical that kills fungi.
herbicide
Chemical that kills a plant or inhibits its growth.
insecticide
Chemical that kills insects.
integrated pest management (IPM)
Combined use of biological, chemical, and cultivation methods in proper sequence and timing to keep the size of a pest population below the size that causes economically unacceptable loss of a crop or livestock animal.
PCBs
See polychlorinated biphenyls.
pest
Unwanted organism that directly or indirectly interferes with human activities.
pesticide
Any chemical designed to kill or inhibit the growth of an organism that people consider undesirable.

See fungicide, herbicide, insecticide.

polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
Group of 209 different toxic, oily, synthetic chlorinated hydrocarbon compounds that can be biologically amplified in food chains and webs.