At the level of International Law as it applies to theEuropean Union or the Council of Europe members, the importance ofwhistleblowers in the effective fight against corruption is so high that it isembodied in both international and conventions.
There are several requirementsand measures aimed at protection of whistleblowers in such instruments asfollows:1. The Council of Europe’s Criminal Law Conventionagainst Corruption (Art.22) 2. The Councilof Europe’s Civil Law Convention against Corruption (Art.9)3. UN Convention gainsCorruption (Art, 33).1From 27 EU member states only 2 states have advancedwhistleblower protection laws, namely, UK, Luxembourg Romania, while Portugal,Slovakia and Spain were in worst position, in this regard.
Italy remained inthe middle since it passed a new law which is considered for upgrading thewhistleblower protection.2In Italy , a new law has been endorsed in whicharranged specific provisions to whistleblowing3The Law means to ensure those open and private arearepresentatives who report unfortunate activities that happen inside the workput,.The Law distinguishes and clears up the accompanyingfundamental focuses: 1. The measures to be actualized by the businessto secure the informant. 2. Themost effective method to and to whom the worker needs to report the offense. 3. Insidespecific confines, the informant is additionally qualified for uncover andreveal data secured by classification as per the criminal and common code.
4. Theassents connected to the business in case of striking back or potentiallyseparation of the informant. The Law gives a different procedure to open andprivate division representatives, embarking to whom the worker must report theunfortunate behavior and what security is set up in case of countering oroppression whistleblowerStill this has not prevented or stop the consequences ofcorruption and scandals towards the misuse of the common good. The best exampleis the recent in Italy in 2013.4 Franzosowas working in the review unit of Ferrovie Nord Milano, an Italian opentransport organization and the nation’s second-biggest railroad organization,when he found that the then leader of the organization was utilizingorganization stores for individual.
After directors inside Ferrovie Nord Milanodisregarded Franzoso’s report portraying the above extortion, he startedrecording discussions with his cell phone, which he turned over to the police.Because of his declaration, the organization’s leader was constrained leave,and a fake and misappropriation examination was opened. Franzoso was evaded,given an occupation with no real obligations and driven from the organization. Onthe other case, Kosovo failed to protect the whistleblowers. The currentlegitimate structure for assurance of whistleblowers is somewhat establishedquickly and all things considered does not escape from Kosovo’s orderly issueswith top down enactment that does not reflect societal esteems and did notdepend on an intensive strategy.
In that capacity, the Law on Protection of whistleblowersisn’t inserted in Kosovo’s society, it has been instituted without aconsultative procedure in this manner the specialists and the society ingeneral neglect to comprehend it, not to mention appropriately execute it. Allthings considered, the declaration of the law could have served to tick anagenda of conditions set by the worldwide group for Kosovo1Worth, M. (2015b). Whistleblowing in Europe: Legal protections forwhistleblowers in the EU, http://www.transparency.org/whatwedo/publication/whistleblowing_in_europe_legal_protections_for_whistleblowers_in_the_euaccessed 30.12.20172Ibid.3NortonRose Fulbright , Italy adopts new anti-corruption law,2012 http://www.nortonrosefulbright.com/knowledge/publications/73424/italy-adopts-new-anti-corruption-lawaccessed 30.12.2017 4Change of direction, Whistleblower Protection in Italy, https://www.changeofdirection.eu/assets/briefings/EU%20briefing%20paper%20-%20Italy%20-%20english.pdfhttps://www.changeofdirection.eu/assets/briefings/EU%20briefing%20paper%20-%20Italy%20-%20english.pdfaccessed 30.12.2017