Atmosphere & Climate

Albedo
The reflectance of solar energy from Earth’s surface.

Expressed as a percentage.

Climate
  • Average temp and temp extremes determine climate
  • Average precipitation, seasonal distribution and variability
  • Other factors wind, humidity, fog, and cloud cover
Equinox
  • Happens 2 times a year
  • When the tilt of the Earth’s axis is inclined neither away nor towards the Sun
  • The center of the Sun being in the same plane as the equator
Solstice
  • An astronomical event that happens twice each year
  • When the Sun’s apparent position in the sky, viewed from the Earth, reaches it’s northern most and southernmost extremes
Air Convection