Blood Donation

Every two seconds someone in the U.S. needs blood. More than 38,000 blood donations are needed every day. A total of 30 million blood components are transfused each year in the U.S. The average red blood cell transfusion is approximately 3 pints. The blood type most often requested by hospitals is Type O. The blood used in an emergency is already on the shelves before the event occurs. Sickle cell disease affects more than 80,000 people in the U.S. Sickle cell patients can require frequent blood transfusions throughout their lives. More than 1 million new people are diagnosed with cancer each year. Many of them will need blood, sometimes daily, during their chemotherapy treatment. A single car accident victim can require as many as 100 pints of blood.

I. I will explain the criteria that make a person eligible to donate blood, how the procedure for blood donating goes, and who benefits from blood donation.

A. A person who has any of the following cannot donate blood: B. Has been taking antibiotics within the previous two days. C. Has been tattooed before going to a blood drive or a blood donation center. D. Has an increased risk of HIV and other STDs. E. Has spent longer than 3 months in a country where Mad Cow disease is seen. F. Has body pierced in the past 12 months.

II. What is the procedure of blood donation? A.Temperature and blood pressure are both taken B.A drop of blood is taken from the ear to run other tests on. C.When these tests are complete, the donor is given a donation bag which will hold approximately 1 pint of blood. D.The actual donation process usually only takes about 10 minutes. E.After donating some people may feel a little light headed or faint

1. There are rarely any serious side effects from donating blood. 2. Most problems can be avoided by resting after donating and staying for free juice and a snack to help replenish the body.

III. Where is my blood going to be used for?

A. People who receive donated blood include cancer patients, gunshot victims, car accident victims, and burn victims. B. Red blood cells are used for patients with chronic anemia or acute blood loss. C. Platelets are used for patients with cancer and those recovering from organ or bone marrow transplants. D. Plasma is used for people with severe liver disease, clotting deficiencies, or burns. E. The Red Cross removes leukocytes from donated blood because leukocytes are very helpful in fighting infection in the donor’s body, but tend to cause problems when given to the recipient.

Conclusion: Donating blood poses no serious health threats to the donor, and by donating blood, many people are able to benefit in return. The division, testing, and labeling of blood ensures that all of the blood that can be used is used for people who are in desperate need. I hope that I have explained to you all the steps involved in donating blood and where the blood ends up. According to nationwide statistics, most people don’t give blood because “it takes up too much time”. In just one hour you can help save a life.