Both TED-talks by HansRosling, The film “Bitter Cane” and the chapter on Wealth and Poverty allinform us on how complex the problems of wealth and poverty in the world can beovertime. Hans Rosling focused on people enhancing their lives by using moreenergy and receiving more income. Also, he mainly touched on economicdevelopment. The “Bitter Cane” movie represented Haiti and their society,government and also the internal movements of rich countries. The “Wealth andPoverty” chapter made me realize that the gap between rich and poor is risingwithin countries. Also, it brought up some points on development.
In the “Wealth and Poverty”chapter, there were two countries that were mentioned a lot because of how they’reimproving and becoming richer. “In 2011- 12 the richest 20 percent controlledabout 43 percent of wealth in India and 47 percent in China” (page 52). Whilethis happened, other countries remained poor or became poorer. “In 1960 therichest 20 percent of the world’s population had 30 times more income than thelowest 20 percent of the world’s people” (page 52). “Not only is the gapbetween richer and poorer nations growing, but the gap between the rich and thepoor within countries is also growing” (page 52). From this, you could concludethat there is a large number of people still living in poverty. In thebeginning of the chapter you could also perceive the thought that human beings somewhatlack material wealth. In addition, there is a consequence of poverty.
“Thedeath of a child is fairly common in the Brazilian northeast, the poorestregion in Brazil” (page 61). This is because the children that get birthedthere are at high risk of death. Women get forced into domestic work and babiesare left at home by themselves. Adam Smith had a theory of why some nationswere rich and some poor.
He believed that nations bordering a sea would usuallybe richer than inland, landlocked countries and that free market economiescould lead to wealth. This proves geography does matter. Geography also mattersbecause tropical climates are experiencing continual trouble from diseases.There were negative aspects in this chapter. Technology and economies causedsome poorer nations to get abandoned. “The bottom line is that while achievinga certain level of economic wealth unquestionably affords criticalopportunities to improve livelihoods, we cannot presume that economic wealthalone will lead to the development outcomes we desire”(page 76). This statementsums up the chapter. The film “Bitter Cane” was veryinteresting even though it seemed old.
The film was shot in Haiti in 1983.People that viewed this movie gained a comprehension of the political economyof the country. Also, they saw the unfairness of people from Haiti. Haitians aren’tpoor because they don’t work, they are poor because reducing poverty is at thebottom of the society and governments cares.
Rich countries utilize their poverty.The dependency theory of economic development was being explained throughoutthe film. Dependency theory is a theory that resources came from poor states towealthy states. The film also focused on the results for Haitian refugees at apoint.
To cover this topic, they interviewed and held discussions withlandowners, U.S businessmen and peasants. These interviews made me realize thatthe Haitian refugees had intense effects on the U.S societies from theindustries.
Hans Rosling’s first lecture “The beststats you’ve ever seen focused on the standard ideas about wealth and poverty. Heexplained that the past decades created changes that made poor areas of theworld more successful. The stats he presents in this lecture showed how hisstats could help people comprehend the planet we grew up on. In the lecture hewas informing the students on global development and child morality.
Also, he touchedtopics like technology. He used tools and data to represent global changes. Inthe clip he also presented thoughts on our nation and its wealth. Hans Rosling’slecture “The magic washing machine” focused towards the poor people in theworld.
He talked about the washing machine he had in his house when he was akid. It was a necessity at the time because washing the clothes by hand was toomuch work for his mother. This produced chances of pollution and globalwarming.
Overall, the movie Bitter Cane, thechapter on Wealth and Poverty, and the two TED-talks by Hans Rosling changed myperspective on the real issues of wealth and poverty. I believe we need toshare resources equally around the world. I think this because there could be acontinuation of resource competition and a increase of climate changes.
Also,if we don’t share there could be chances of a third world war that would comeabout. I believe that the differences in wealth between nations is not based onfree economies at all. Adam Smith made me realize this idea. Also, I think wewill never rectify the complications of wealth inequities. The lectures, filmand readings all were useful in changing my perspective of wealth and poverty.