mist: is our fault?
recent report released by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has
raised questions with concern about environmental scientists of the country.
The report says that deep gray haze covered in parts of Asia, Africa and South
America is working as a ghee in the process of burning the earth. With it
becoming dark in many major cities, the speed of glacier melting of the
Himalayas is accelerating and the seasonal upturn in the area has become more
furious than ever.
report has attributed this brown mist to the second responsible fact for
climate change. In the first place there are carbon-di-oxide and other
greenhouse gases. As the winters started, this mist, which was surrounded by
the environment from November to March-April, was not given much importance as
a local seasonal condition. But after a comprehensive experiment in the Indian
Ocean, when the initial report of UNEP came out in 2002, it was discovered that
this haze spread to many continents and has the ability to influence the
climate of the world. At that time it was called ‘Asian brown cloud’ because it
was originally grown in Asian countries like India and China. But India and
some other countries expressed strong displeasure over this naming, then it
became known as ‘Atmospheric Brown Cloud’. But the original issue is still that
India and other developing countries are the main culprits of this mist. It has
been said in the report that the origins of brown mist are used in conventional
fuel like wood, coal and so on and by the use of petrol / diesel.
are being made to prove that the gray haze is linked to the greenhouse effect
that the main hand behind the great postmodemic of climate change, is of
developing countries. In this way, the developed western countries are keen to
override the issue of climate change, so that their largest share in the
expenditure and resources for adopting environment-friendly technology globally,
should not be emphasized. Whereas the reality is the opposite. The developed
countries are still at the forefront of leaving carbon dioxide in the air.
According to reliable data, the industrialized countries were leaving 11,634
million metric tons of carbon-di-oxide in the air in 2001, whereas for
developing countries, this figure was just 9,118 million metric tons. Speaking
of India alone, according to an international organization called the Union of
Concord Scientists, our country is the fourth place in the 20 major countries
leaving carbon dioxide. America is number one on number one. If this figure is
seen by carbon perceptions left by the per capita, then American citizens come
to ninth place in the world, while the common Indian at 129th position.
scientists believe that attempts to link the gray haze with climate change are
just a scientific hypothesis. UNEP has not presented any experimental or
scientific evidence, which can clearly show that the melting rate of Himalayan
glaciers is increasing due to brown mist. In the gray haze, mainly carbon or
particle of soot is present, which are called ‘suits’ and they originate from
wood or coal burning. There are other major particles of sulphate that reach
the sky from motor vehicles. Both of these particles work to affect the climate
in their own way. But the first effect of them is on the light of the sun
reaching the Earth. The particles of carbon absorb the sunlight, which is
continuously decreasing the amount of light reaching the earth. Darkness is
becoming dominant in the 13 major cities of South-East Asia to Africa and South
America, including the three major cities of India (Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata).
The reduction of light in Delhi has been seen from 10 to 25 percent.
1960 to 2000, light glow is decreasing at the rate of two percent per decade in
entire India. The sulfate particles present in the second R haze reflect the
sun’s heat in space and absorb the heat present in the atmosphere. In this way,
continuous work of maintaining the surface temperature of the earth is
constant. It has been reported in the report that if in some way this brown
mist is cleaned overnight, then the temperature of the earth can suddenly rise
to two degrees Celsius. That is, this gray mist is working as a shield to
protect the earth from the havoc of increasing temperature.
report says that the main responsibility of the weather disruption in India and
China is on this brown mist and not on the heat of the earth, while Indian
scientists believe that the gray haze exists at the middle level of the
environment and that too only winter for a few months. Therefore, it should not
be considered more than local pollution.
to the report, glaciers who provide life-saving water to major rivers of India
and China due to this mist are continuously shrinking. 70 percent of Ganga
water comes from the Gangotri glacier alone, while the Brahmaputra too depends
largely on the Himalayan glaciers for its flow. According to the report, the
tragedy is arising due to carbon deposits on glaciers, whereas scientific
studies conducted globally have always revealed that the main reason for the
removal of glaciers is the global warming i.e., ‘global warming’.
the report, the gray haze has been described as dangerous for human health,
because it has been found to be full of poisonous aerosols, cancer-causing
particles and fine particles producing respiratory disorders. Brown mist also
acts as a respiratory disease and also promotes heart diseases and other
related diseases. If there are more than 20 micrograms per cubic meter of fine
particles in the air, then there is a possibility of approximately 340,000
additional deaths in China and India. With this, India can face equal economic
loss in 2.2 percent of GDP. It has been observed that as soon as the outbreak
of brown mist starts on the winters, especially in metros, the number of
patients suffering from breathlessness and asthma increases. In many major
cities of the country, the number of diseases and deaths due to air pollution
is increasing steadily. Even today in our country, especially in rural areas,
wood or coal is burnt for cooking, which fills poisonous smoke in the house and
also causes brown mist to rise.