Canada Healthcare System vs. U.S. HealthcareSystemThe development of health care systems throughoutthe world has become a foundation to improving the delivery proper health careequally. It is known that each health care system worldwide differs among eachother and has its own standards of operation. Even though most health caresystems differ, they share common goals and outcomes as well as features thatidentify them with universal health standards. The concept of universal healthimplies that all citizens should have access to affordable, high-quality medicalcare. In this context, universal health coverage is currently a public issue inthe U.
S. health care system. While the U.S is considered to be the only nationin the world that has not adopted universal health coverage, the comparison of efficiencyof the U.S healthcare system with other national healthcare systems, in thiscase, the Canadian healthcare system, can be illustrated in terms ofaccessibility& coverage, quality, and funding. On comparing Canada’s health caresystem to the U.
S. healthcare system, it is important to point out that one ofthe major key indicators of the effectiveness of a healthcare system is it’saccessibility &coverage. In this case, it is known that the healthcaresystem in Canada is more accessible than the U.S healthcare system. This can be implemented by the fact thatCanada’s health care system offers universal health coverage, allowing eachcitizen to be insured and receiving the necessary health care services. On the contrary, the U.
S health care systemis based on the health insurance system and the absence of affordable insurancecauses individuals of being able to obtain normal health care services andtreatments. Not being able to receivethe proper care needed with access to affordable health insurance causes aburden and threatens to the life and health an individual. In aspect to this,the quality of health care in the U.
S. is considered to be inadequate, with asmuch as 24 % of the country’s population getting insufficient health insurancefor their needs (Cooper &Taylor, 2011). This means the services being provided in the U.S are mostly focused oncost than on over quality of care when all aspects of providing adequate careshould be taken into consideration. As the demand of health care servicesincrease dramatically, the costs of care has been raising, causing majority ofthe U.
S population to be uninsured. Being uninsured means that individual endup paying high out-of-pocket costs. In contrast to the U.S health care system,the Canadian health care system ensures to cover the entire population ofCanada making sure there are not citizens remaining without health carecoverage. In addition to coverage and accessibilitybeing a major factor in comparing both health care systems, the quality of healthcare delivery plays a vital role in the healthcare system. Currently, onesignificant area of quality of care that in being taken into perspective as awhole is pharmaceutical drugs and over-the-counter medications.
After a primary or specialist care visit, thephysician may prescribe medication or recommend over-the-counter medication aspart of the patient’s treatment plan. Depending on the patient’s healthinsurance plan and what types of benefits are covered under that plan, the costsof prescription medication vary. For instance, pharmaceutical drugs andover-the counter medications are cheaper in Canada because the government inCanada uses a negotiating system with the pharmaceutical companies. This provides lower health care costs for theCanadians. On the other hand, the U.S government does not negotiate with the pharmaceuticalcompanies for lower medication prices. As a result, the cost of health care in theU.
S is higher than in Canada. Another a major difference betweenthe healthcare system in the U.S and in Canada is the payment system.
On the basis of the payment system, the U.S.health care system is profit based and is privatized. In this type ofhealthcare system, American citizens do not receive coverage automatically.They have to pay out-of-pocket costs for all services being received, whichmeans some may end up being untreated if the treatment or service is unaffordableto them. Furthermore, the U.S healthcare system is composed of physicians andproviders who are being compensated for increased performance of services andthe return on their time is higher if they perform a procedure than if they usetheir cognitive skills. This approach leads into higher expenditure for patientcare in terms of patients having to pay high deductibles and co-payments forservices.
In relation to this, the U.Sgovernment uses money that is being generated from taxes to reimburse theproviders who take care of patients and accounts for nearly 46 % of the totalhealth care spending in the country (NewsHour, 2009). Unlike the U.S healthcaresystem, the Canadian healthcare system is based on a single payer system, inwhich every patient is fully insured and the government through taxes funds allmedically necessary care. This meansthat patients have fully access to care without a co-payment or a deductible.Thus, patients in Canada are free to choose their providers and physicians serveon a fee-for-service basis. References Cooper, E.
, &Taylor, L. (2011,September 15). Comparing Health Care Systems. Retrieved December 6, 2017, fromhttp://www.context.org/iclib/ic39/cooptalr.NewsHour, P. (2009, October 06).
Comparing International Health Care Systems. Retrieved December 6, 2017, from https://www.pbs.org/newshour/health/health-july-dec09- insurance_10-06.