CHAPTER costs increase of care and the expectation

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION  1.0      Background of the StudyThe purposes ofthe mobile phones are not only to make a call and send messages but it can beused for health purpose.  This term iswell known as Electronic Health (e-Health).

 According to European Parliamentary Research Service (2015), it definese-Health as ICT in health products, services and processes combined withorganisational changes in healthcare systems and new skills, in order toimprove efficiency of the citizens productivity.  E-Health is the modern way of deliveringmedical care services that rely on the technology such as mobile phones(Mohamed, Abir, Dhiya& Omar, 2015).  Inrecent years, two areas of e-Health have evolved together, namely mHealthdeveloped to facilitate user mobility and home telemonitoring designed toenable the follow-up of patients at home (Hector, Miguel, Trigo, Santiago &Luis, 2015).  According toMarwan, Galal & Hoda (2014), mobile health has emerged as one of the importantpart of e-health. It is more than a communications channel; it refers to themanagement, delivery and facilitation of health-related information andservices via mobile tools including cell phones, tablets, sensors, monitors,and wireless infrastructure in general.

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 These mHealth technologies are believed to give a lot of benefits to thediagnosis, treatment, and prevention of human diseases for a better life(Chase, Zongmin, Guanling& Denise, 2017). In other words, mHealth is general term for the use mobile phones in healthcarein intention to prevent the disease.  mHealthis the new edge of  electronic health toaddress the emerging problems of health systems in deliver the new healthcareservices (Emmanouilidou, 2016).  Then, hometelemonitoring (HTM) has been defined as technology that can improve inmonitoring and delivery of care in assist to management of patientcondition.  Heart failure (HF) andchronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been the main targets of HTMdeployments, because of the costs increase of care and the expectation of areturn investment through reducing hospital admissions and their associatedcosts (Kevin, Amanda & David, 2014).