Name: Tutor: Course: Date: Critical Thinking Introduction Psychology is a professional field that attempts to demystify human behavior. The experts in this subdivision use scientific principles to support the suggested theories regarding the relationship between forces in the internal or external environment and the mental and social facets of a human being. To generate sensible hypotheses, various scholars and psychiatric specialists conduct numerous experiments in order to obtain information useful in substantiating their arguments. In the field of psychology, the theories are in several categories depending on the main topic and principles used in authenticating it.
For instance, cognitive suppositions attempt to analyze the internal environment of a human being. They highlight the primary influences of enthusiasm, analytical judgments, concentration, and decision-making. Identified Hypothesis In this argumentative discussion, I have decided to focus on the hypothetical explanation of memory loss. The main reason for shifting my attention to this subject matter is the complex nature of memory loss. Most people uphold different unsubstantiated speculations regarding this mental malfunction, with some people categorizing it as a psychological ailment. Moreover, every person experiences this reminiscence failure consciously or unconsciously. For this reason, I perceive memory loss as a key area of discussion that will aid in analyzing other aspects of human behavior. Article 1 In Aging Memories: Differential Decay of Episodic Memory Components, the authors discusses the decay theory.
According to several investigations conducted by psychiatrists and other informed theorists, the human mind is susceptible to retrieval failure. This occurs when an individual is not successful in remembering the details of a certain issue that is usually familiar to him or her. The decay theory is one of the suppositions used to explain this mental inability. According to this assumption, the mind creates a memory trace upon the realization of unfamiliar information (Talamini and Gorree 243). However, this outline may grow fainter if a person does not run through the details often. Similar to other suppositions that attempt to analyze natural occurrences, some analysts highlight the ineffectiveness of the decay theory by stating that long-term memory can store a variety of information without rehearsals. Article 2 The Working Memory is a publication containing facts about the interference theory.
This assumption indicates that reminiscences are competitive, and the human brain may forget the lowly regarded details. This interference occurs when the information introduced in the brain is somewhat similar to previous records. Additionally, the hypothesis asserts that this mental intrusion may transpire in two forms.
Proactive interference occurs when a previous event makes it difficult to recollect a recent memoir. Conversely, retroactive intrusion refers to the hindrance caused by a new episode with reference to recalling old information (Ricker, Angela and Nelson 579). Based on this supposition, memory loss is an aspect that is beyond the control of human beings. Unlike the decay theory, rehearsals are not influential in this psychological speculation. Likewise, as indicated in this manuscript, some analysts relate memory loss to encoding malfunction of the brain. This occurs when certain information does not reach the long-term memory. For this reason, the brain experiences considerable difficulties during the retrieval process. This hypothesis follows a research conducted by Nickerson and Adams regarding the possibility of the brain’s encoding breakdown.
These philosophers requested participants to identify the correct illustration of an American penny from a number of drawings. Nonetheless, a large percentage of the contributors could not identify the correct shape, color, and other particulars of the penny (Ricker, Angela and Nelson 59). As discussed by these logicians, a typical human being focuses on the general characteristics of a penny that differentiates it from other currencies.
Consequently, the failure of the mind to store such detailed information is a normal occurrence. Article 3 Likewise, the authors of Motivated Forgetting and Misremembering: Perspectives from Betrayal Trauma Theory have presented comprehensive information regarding the betrayal trauma theory. This hypothesis relates to the ability of a person to manipulate his or her brain to forget certain incidents. This influence is the basis of the hypothesis regarding provoked forgetting. It may be in the form of thought suppression, conscious, or unconscious manipulation (Deprince, Brown, Cheit, Freyd, Gold, Pezdek and Quina 213). However, many psychologists do not utilize this theory in evaluating the behavior of their clients or other members of the society. To start with, it is impossible to conduct scientific studies that indicate the repression of certain thoughts. Moreover, it is difficult to discuss traumatic episodes with the victims comprehensively.
Consequently, this presumption is less reliable as compared to other hypotheses such as the decay and interference theories. Conclusion The evaluation of these ideologies regarding memory loss indicates that psychology is a professional field that bases its arguments on the findings of scientific experiments. Psychiatric specialists and other relevant logicians use qualitative and quantitative details to expound on the external and internal factors influencing human behavior. This detailed investigation is crucial in substantiating the various speculations regarding the complex human mind. As highlighted in the articles, memory loss may result from various triggers in the external or internal surrounding. Although most of these causes are beyond one’s control, it is possible to manipulate the mind to disregard certain events.
For this reason, the information documented in the articles discussed in this paper corresponds with the highlighted claims regarding memory loss. Works Cited Deprince, A. P., L.
S. Brown, R. E. Cheit, J. J. Freyd, S.
N. Gold, K. Pezdek, and K. Quina. “Motivated Forgetting and Misremembering: Perspectives from Betrayal Trauma Theory.” Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. 58 (2012): 193-242. Print.
“Working Memory.” Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science. 1.4 (2010): 573-585. Print. wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcs. 50/abstract> Talamini, L. M., and E Gorree. “Aging Memories: Differential Decay of Episodic Memory Components.” Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. ). 19.6 (2012): 239-46. Print. < http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22595687>
50/abstract> Talamini, L. M., and E Gorree. “Aging Memories: Differential Decay of Episodic Memory Components.” Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.
). 19.6 (2012): 239-46. Print. < http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22595687>