In a general view, women’s underestimations in the high tech industry shows a continuous decline in the United States and Canada from 19% graduating in 1999-2000 to 12% In 2006-2007, hill In Aslant countries such as China, India and Bangladesh Increasing (Similar, 2007).
Bangladesh Is a good example that women are Increasing In high-tech fields. Bangladesh is the leader in Asia and Pacific region. Among the top positioning engineering and technology universities in Bangladesh in 2009, the extent of women students was nearly 20%.
Consequently, current female enlistment in engineering and technology fields in Bangladesh is not Just altogether higher than it was previously; It Is likewise essentially higher than in numerous Western countries. The AOL of the Investigation Is to explore the key factors Influencing Bangladesh women and men why they choose of a THE majors. Some factors can help us to understand, why Bangladesh students pursue high tech majors engineering and technology as a field of study. There are genders differences exist in the role of factors influencing the choice of major in higher education.According to Jell 1, nowadays, a lot of students in the college are confident in the choice of his profession, but most of the students make an Initial choice and after this change It.
Although past research has plainly titled that there are numerous Impacts Included In a student’s decision of a business major. In Dalton, previous research has clearly established that there are many influences involved in a student’s choice of a business major. There some issues: IQ . What general factors influence the major selected by incoming freshmen and transfer students? SQ.Are the factors that influence freshmen and transfer students different depending on gender? SQ. What factors influence later changes of major? SQ. Are the factors that Influence changes of major different depending on gender? According took 6, the declining of accounting students has become one of the main concerns to accounting profession (Hunt, Falling & Interim, 2004).
In Nigeria, accounting tends is one of the popular profession than law, economics or engineering. Although many researchers have considered the factors affecting students’ career choice In accounting, there Is dearth of researches In relation to accounting in Nigeria.Therefore, one of the purposes in the paper is to examine the factors which impact on the students to choice of accounting in Nigerian universities.
Another one purpose in the paper is determined whether there are significant differences between female and male accounting students in the choice of accounting. According to 12, the Aqua’s model gender differences exist among the structural and social factors affecting the women’s interest in technology careers. Joshua (2002) proposed a stage model of determinants of women’s career in information technology (IT) sector.According to this Factors affecting several social and structural factors impact women careers in IT. The Aqua’s model includes the influence of Emily, peers, teachers, and role-models plus socio-economic status and self-efficacy. Family influence is considered the most important socializing influences in a young student’s life. The family influence affects career choice more than teachers, friends, or people working in the field, but more influence is going to high tech majors.
Many studies conducted on women in IT suggest that women’s career choices are strongly influenced by their father in particular (e. . Turner, Brent and Pectoral, 2002; Day, 2008). Peer influence also influential in students’ career choice decisions (Linden et al. , 2004). Peer influence cannot be equal between female and male students.
In Bangladesh girls will not be influenced by their male peers, because of they have Same-sex schools. Male peers’ influence will be more for male students than for female students and same for female choosing high tech majors. Role-model influence also can be important at the career choice stage.
As known, Bangladesh is a predominately Muslim country and same sex role-models will be pivotal in influencing career choices. Role-models influence of male will be more for male students than for female students and same for female students choosing high tech soars. Family socio-economic status can also influence on students who want to participate in higher education (e. G. Fergusson and Woodward, 2000). Female students who pick male-dominated occupations were from families with higher socio- economic status than female students who picked female-commanded occupations.
Family socio-economic status will have more influence on female students than male students choosing high tech majors. Self-efficacy is when a person considers that she or he may achieve a goal (Bandeau, 1986). If the female workforce is increase in Bangladesh, so there will not be gender differences in self-efficacy. In self-efficacy there will not be gender differences between students choosing high tech majors. In addition teacher’s also important part in students’ career choices for both of the genders. Besides that, Turner et al. 2002) found that 37% of female students in their high tech indicated that a teacher has strong influence on their career choice. Teachers’ influence will be greater for female students than for male students choosing high tech majors.
According to Jell 1, nowadays, students who choose business majors are affected by socioeconomic status and parents affect different by genders students (Leper,Williams, & Welfare, 2001). Moreover, students strongly influenced by their interest in the subject, their aptitude for the subject and the earnings potential related to that major (Kim et al. 2002; Mainland et al.
, 2000; Pritchard et al. , 2004). Cohen et al.
(1993) found that the influence on accounting majors has some change with the increased experience in the major of the student. Stresses, Augur, and Schroeder (2002) also found that sophomores and seniors listed have the same more important on career goals. Similarly, Lacked and Delis (2001) found a gender difference in students’ perceptions about their aptitudes for different majors. There are some differences in the values of the different business majors and that gender differences further has affected for their relationships.
According to 116, there were carried out a lot of researches about influencing student’s choice of accounting. There were some factors such as cultural, social and personal factors. It was determined that students make some decisions consider stereotype about careers.
In a general view, there are some factors are grouped into arsenal, reference or Job related factors. The influence choice of accounting depends by the student’s interest, also influence factors such as quantitative skills and intellectually challenging for students’ choices (Mainlander, 2000, Ghana, 2006).The most of major influence factors that students choices is gender, race, interest in the subject, the approachability, teaching reputation of faculty member and performance in major classes. Reference Group like family and teachers play a critical role in student’s career choice. There have been found twelve factors that influence the student’s decisions to include: career opportunities, instructors, interest in the subject, parents, enjoyments, previous experience, money, challenge, prestige and etc. Job attributes are the most important factors that influence the choice of career among students.
The Job related include: the Job itself, compensation or security and the company or work environment (Mom & Lee, 2002, Toe & Upon (1994). Kim et al (2002) found the five reasons for choosing a major career. This is interest in a career, good Job opportunities, “good fit” with respondents’ abilities, a desire to run business some day and projected earnings in the related career, and the least reasons were the reputation of the major at the university, the perceived quality of instruction, the parents’ influence, the amount and type of promotional information and the influence of friends.Society’s perception of the legitimacy of the accounting profession and its members is grounded in the verbal and visual images of accountants that are projected not only by accountants themselves but also by the media. To date, efforts by professional accounting bodies and firms to change the active and inaccurate perception of accountancy and accountants have yielded limited success Cackling & Caller, 2006). In addition, anyone whose success depends of group needs a positive personal image.Tan & Lased (2009) was found that a higher proportion of accounting students decide on their major prior to university study.
The accounting profession should have the positive aspects of accounting career not only to pre-university students but also to the public. Status of accounting compared with other professionals. In different countries accounting ranked lower than medicine, engineering, law, teaching and etc.