Sometimes they might be confused or unsatisfied to their career and this will cause stress for them and also in businessman. When people think about career choices several things immediately come to mind- job description, training and education required, career outlook and salary- but there are factors that may influence their decision and influence people’s lives in a negative way. Career development, for most people, is a lifelong process of engaging the work world through choosing among employment opportunities made available to them.
Each individual undertaking the process is influenced by many factors, including he context in which they live, their personal aptitudes, and of course, educational attainment. (Bandeau, Barreling, Capybara, & Pastorally, 2001). One might assume that choosing a college course and major represents a major life decision requiring extensive decision-making over a period of time, especially considering the commitment of time and resources. However, undergraduate students and high school students commonly articulate knowing other college students who chose their academic major for less- than-rational reasons.
In fact, some of these students even admit that this hometown describes their own decision-making process. Therefore, it is not surprising that Roses and Somerville (2005) cite meta-analytical evidence that the most frequently identified life regret for any person involve their educational choice and thus; their current career. Anecdotal evidence leading to our undertaking this study seems to imply that some (perhaps many) undergraduate and high school students employ strategies of indecision as opposed to strategies of cognitive decision-making in that they “back into” a course or major rather than actively choose a course or major.
For example, a student may choose a particular major because ‘IL don’t want to sit at a desk all day” or “l don’t like math. ” On the other hand; Professionals or graduates had already experienced the difficulties that every student is facing including the decision making in choosing the most appropriate college course for them based on their skills, environment etc. (Wilson and Andrews, 201 0). What they have experienced during the days they are choosing what course to take and the days they are choosing on what course to shift will help the students of today facing the same problems.
Because of this, the researchers believes that it is best to ask information and conduct a survey to them about the influencing factors that the professionals will suggest in choosing a course for this generation so that their performance can be maximized while minimizing the negative effects on the environment, economic and family aspects on their life while they study and for their future. The focus of this study is to gather information about the foundations of the influential factors by which graduate students and professionals select their academic courses and majors.
The results of that river and information gathering will be used to create recommendations to the students about the factors perceived by professionals to consider in choosing a course. Background of the Study Choosing a career can take a lot often and thought. Choosing a career is one of the most influential decisions you make in your life. Unlike a job that is used to solely pay bills, a career is a pursuit that normally requires a lot Of time and emotional investment on top of the need to provide for yourself and a possible family.
Choosing a career can be difficult and a number of different factors play into the decision of what career to pursue. When students begin college, they’re often intimidated by the rarefied atmosphere of intellectual life, so their colleges walk them through course enrollment and see to it that they enroll in a variety of courses designed to give them a good start on academic life. After the first semester, however, students begin to make more informed and independent course choices, which may be based on requirements, practicalities, and personal bent.
More recently Cutler et al. (2006) indicated that personal factors such as prestige, personality type and lifestyle preference played an important role in future career choices. Cooperation and Schwartz (1992) conducted a study in which 272 certified occupational therapists were interviewed. They found that factors like challenge, variety in a profession and the desire to help people, were some of the primary reasons they chose their careers. Economical status Money plays a key role in career decisions, particularly for students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.
So even though a high school student has the intelligence to be a Harvard lawyer, unless she gets a full scholarship, she may have to resign herself to a career of working in a daycare center. Salary is keel one of the top considerations for many college students. Whether you will be able to pay back your student loans before you are 50 and whether you can live in the style you want are factors to consider. Look at the annual average salaries of various careers. Also find out what salaries are for those careers in the area where you want to live, and how much money you can expect based on your education and experience.
Remember that your salary will likely rise over time as you gain more experience in your field. Environment Culture has a very distinct influence on the career path a person chooses to allow. When we look at careers from a functional perspective, a person contributes his time, skills and effort to a job to make a living. Different cultures have different ideas about the meaning of a career, what value is placed on it, and the type of person who should perform the job. That being said, the way people find their career path varies significantly from culture to culture.
Sometimes adolescents choose a career just because “everyone else is doing it. ” So if a teenager -? particularly if he is a leader decides to join the Army, he might find that all his buddies are going to boot camp with him. Friends may decide they want to go to the same college and study art. Family pressure and Friends A person’s family can have a huge impact as to why he accepts or declines a job offer. Family factors are often taken into consideration when it is time to choose a career.
Although the job seeker can keep his own personal interests in mind, the decision is often based on what is best for the family as a whole. A good-paying salary will provide for the family, but other issues are just as important to determine what will be beneficial for the household in the long run. Psychologists understand that, due to certain roles, demands and expectations within a family, birth order can affect an individual’s personality. Birth order may also play a part in a person’s career choices.
Skills and Interest Ask yourself whether you will want to get up each day and go to the type of jobs you are considering. It is important to try to find a job you will honestly enjoy doing on a regular basis. It’s no coincidence that your personal interests often top the list of factors to consider when choosing a new career. Your own interests and hobbies can be an excellent starting point when it comes to asking a career choice. If you are able to put your passions and skills into a career, you are more likely to enjoy your work and succeed in your position.
Civics. Com recommends that if you have any trouble deciding what you like to do and how your interests can be applied to a career position, you should take an interest assessment offered online or through a career development specialist in your area. You should also consider the level of education and training that may be required for the career you choose. If you already have the education and background needed for the position, you should be able to et started in your career relatively soon.
If you need to pursue a degree or other specialized training, however, you will need to take into account the months or years required to train, in addition to the educational expenses you will incur preparing for your career. Not only character and education, parental direction but also public demand are the crucial factors in one’s job selection. I strongly suggest that people should carefully consider my analysis to make a wise decision on career choice. Opportunities Opportunities for interested people to find fulfilling careers are everywhere.
One of the most common ways in which individuals find their life’s career is through word of mouth. Often, individuals hear of job openings from family, friends, or possibly co-workers at a current job. Several other resources for finding career opportunities are also available. Sources such as newspaper classified ads, news journals, and other types of trade publications contain “help wanted” sections in which employers are searching for applicants with particular skills or experience. Employment agencies are also popular resources for learning about career opportunities that are available.
Career dissociation and job satisfaction both relate to happiness with one’s work life, but contribute to contentment in separate ways. Career satisfaction may be defined as the level of overall happiness experienced through one’s choice of occupations. Job satisfaction relates to one’s current work situation and is dependent on many factors, including the marketplace, work conditions, job location, and other dynamic influences. An individual may feel very certain of having made a correct career choice but be experiencing an unsatisfactory current work experience.
Conversely, a current job situation may have many costive components but not be fully satisfying as a career choice. Job satisfaction is significant because a person’s attitude and beliefs may affect his or her behavior. Attitudes and beliefs may cause a person to work harder, or, the opposite may occur, and he or she may work less. Job satisfaction also affects a person’s general well-being for the reason that people spend a good part of the day at work. Consequently, if a person is dissatisfied with their work, this could lead to dissatisfaction in other areas of their life.
Job satisfaction is the most widely investigated job attitude as well s one of the most extensively researched subjects in Industrial/ Organizational Psychology Gouge & Church, 2000). Many work motivation theories have represented the implied role of job satisfaction. In addition, many work satisfaction theories have tried to explain job satisfaction and its influence. The most widely accepted explanation of job satisfaction was presented by Locke (1 976), who defined job satisfaction as “a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job or job experiences” (p. 304). Additionally, job satisfaction has emotional, cognitive ND behavioral components (Bernstein & Nash, 2008). The emotional component refers to feelings regarding the job, such as boredom, anxiety, or excitement. The cognitive component of job satisfaction refers to beliefs regarding one’s job, for example, feeling that one’s job is mentally demanding and challenging. Finally, the behavioral component includes people’s actions in relation to their work. These actions may include being tardy, staying late, or pretending to be ill in order to avoid work (Bernstein & Nash, 2008).
Theoretical Framework We researcher came up to study about influencing factors in choosing allege course as perceive by professionals. Today, there are so much career opportunities and pathways for people to choose and this selection processes are widely affected by many factors. Our variable of primary interest which is the dependent variable is “college course choices of people”. The variance of the choosing procedure can be generally explained by 5 independent variables which are: (1 ) family pressure and friends (2) skills and interests (3) economical status (4) Environment and opportunities (5).
This 5 variables are under the theories that tells about influencing factor in choosing rarer and thus the college course choice of an individual, these theories are: Skills and Interests John Holland Theory of Career Choice (ARISES) maintains that in choosing a career, people prefer jobs where they can be around others who are like them. They search for environments that will let them use their skills and abilities, and express their attitudes and values, while taking on enjoyable problems and roles. Behavior is determined by an interaction between personality and environment.
Frank parsons is regarded as the founder Of the vocational guidance movement. He developed the talent-matching approach, which was later developed into the Trait and Factor Theory of Occupational Choice. At the centre of Parsons’ theory is the concept of matching. Environment Albert Bandeau is well regarded for his Social Cognitive Theory. It is a learning theory based on the ideas that people learn by watching what others do, and that human thought processes are central to understanding personality. This theory provides a framework for understanding predicting and changing human behavior.
Family pressure Boles notes that in some countries, career choice is definitely expected, UT the family will be the decision maker in that matter. Therefore, the choice is not individual, but rather communal. In these cases, the choice will be made based on the career that will bring the family the greatest amount of respect as a whole. Researchers Mary J. Hipper and P. Paul Hipper say that cultures differ in their focus on individualism and autonomy. Therefore the family might be the decision maker instead of the individual.
Economic status Affluence also affects career choice since certain individuals might not have the financial means to go down a certain career path (Researchers Mary J. Hipper and p. Paul Hipper) Conceptual Paradigm Figure 1. Statement of the Problem This research will show that those factors influence people?s life in choosing college courses. 1. What is the most influential factors to respondents in choosing college course as perceived by professionals? 2. Is there any significant relationship between the influencing factors in choosing college course as perceived by professionals and their field? 3.
Is there any significant relationship between career satisfaction and influential factors in choosing college course as perceived by professionals? Hypothesis Ho: There is no significant relationship between the influencing factors in choosing college course as perceived by professionals and their field. Ho: There is no significant relationship between career satisfaction and influential factors in choosing college course as perceived by professionals. Significance of the Study Respondents. This study will benefit not only the respondents but also those who will use this study as their reference for their research problem.
It aims to educate and inform people to understand how those factors influence their decision-making in choosing major. Industry. It could see where, why, and when it could be beneficial for them to invest resources for the purpose of training. Government. This study will give them information on career satisfaction of people and if they are satisfied in their incomes and for them to know what help do they need for example job opportunities. Society. This study will help them to choose the right career and prevent them from dissatisfaction of their career. Undergraduate Students. Before graduating, some students have not considered enough alternative choices in career selection to justify making an informed decision. Sources of influence such as arenas or mentors could be brought into a circle of counseling and discussion, to help the student form a comprehensive career plan or outline. Future Researchers. This research could be an eye opener for the public about the factors influencing career choices. This study can also be their reference when they re going to have further explanation about this study.
Scope and Limitation of the Study This study is delimited only to the influencing factors in choosing college courses in relation to career satisfaction of professionals in selected professionals in Santa Rosa city, Laguna, involving a total of 1 60 respondents. This study will be undertaken to determine which factors the most influential to them and whether there is a significant difference between male and female as to the extent to which each of the five different factors influenced their choosing of college course.
Definition of Terms These serve as gauge of how much the students understand the terms which are unfamiliar and difficult to interpret. Career choice refers profession or occupation chosen as one’s life’s work. Career Satisfaction refers as the level of overall happiness experienced through one’s choice of occupations. Economical status refers to the relation to an economy, economics, or finance. Family pressure refers in forcing (someone from family) toward a particular end; influence. Government refers to the body of persons that constitutes the governing authority of a political unit or organization.
Influence refers to a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige. Interest refers to a state of curiosity or concern about or attention to something. Professional refers to a person following a profession, especially a learned profession. Social status refers to the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society. Society refers to an enduring and cooperating social group whose members have developed organized patterns of relationship. Skills refers to the ability to use ones knowledge effectively and readily in execution or performance.
Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature The review of related literature involves the systematic identification, location and analysis of documents containing information related to the research problem. Related literature can be gathered from books, journals, magazines, etc. Related literature can be obtained from thesis and dissertations Foreign Literature The choice of an occupation is an important decision for every school leaver. At the end of compulsory schooling, further education and training may be undertaken in the form of grades 10 to 12. Thereafter, students decide whether they want to start working or further their education.
Career choice is dependent on various factors (Ferry et al. , (2000). According to the literature, the influencing factors in choosing college course are very diverse. Amongst the more important ones are: gender; job experience and personal factors prestige; lifestyle preference; personality type and commitment) Supervise, 1 989; Cheyenne; 1983; Makeup; 2000; Micelles and Goat, 2004; Watson, 2004; Singularly et al. , 2005; Harris et al. , 2005 and Ramsey et al. , 2004). Other primary factors include: skills, interest, family pressure, social influences and economical status.
A study conducted by Young et al. (1997) revealed that a person was more likely to select a career in science and engineering if they believed themselves to have the personality for those courses. It was also reported that those who categorized themselves as intelligent also tended to aspire to careers in science and engineering. This as confirmed by De Alameda et al. (1998) study who found that females who had crossed over the gender career barrier, believed themselves to be harder working, tender, more interested in people, and more enthusiastic as well as being more self-sufficient as future engineers.
It was also reported that future scientists saw their personalities of being more task centered, tough minded, interested in ideas, systematic as being better equipped to be scientists. Supervise, (1 989), conducted a study with the purpose of examining how teachers, peers, parents, guidance counselors and factors such as lack of none, past work experiences and high school class, influenced a students career choice. Class materials, past work experiences and students personal interests were revealed to significantly influence a students career decision.
These results are similar to a study by Jones and Larker (2005) who found that agriculture students Were highly influenced by prior work experience in a career field and experimental exposure to careers through experiences such as internships, career fairs and experience with a professional. Career should ideally be a reflection of what you enjoy doing and what corresponds to your unique set of skills. Doing something you hate that is not fulfilling, despite the possible financial gains, will likely leave you feeling unhappy overall.
Ask yourself long and hard what you really love doing, what makes you feel useful and what you are good at. These factors should affect every career choice you make. In extended family, older brothers or sisters may strongly influence younger members of the family. Family work traditions or family aspirations for the future, such as “l want them to have a better life than us”, “l don’t want them to forget where they come from”, influence a young person’s career decisions. Negative beliefs such as “He’ll never amount to anything”, or “I’m a failure and so is she”, can negatively impact on a young person’s decisions.
Environment is a term which has many connotations -? it has physical, economic, social and cultural dimensions. From an environmentalist point of view, it is defined as the sum total of all social, biological, chemical and physical factors which compose the surroundings of man (Southwest, 1976). Parents are the most important influences on a young person’s career decision. What parents do for a living; where they live; their education, knowledge and skills; what they earn; and owe they spend their time and money have a huge influence on their child’s career decisions.
Parental influence has been implicated in the career choice of children (Roe 1 987, Adagio 1981, Cooke 1996, Sinned 1986). Cooke for example also studied the relationship between parental occupations and their children’s occupational preferences. Cooke found that 60% of the children were willing to take after their fathersњ occupations (medicine) while 23% were willing to follow their mothered occupations (nursing). Sinned on the other hand posits that parents influence is much more intricate and more arrives than is shown.
Students of secondary and tertiary institutions are often not aware of these influences and may accept the choice of their parents as theirs. The situation owes its origin to early childhood when the child grabs his parents attitude towards different vocations. A conflict therefore occurs when the child submits to his parents]s choice while at the same time deeply resenting his submissions as he becomes aware of his loss of independence and finds his area of interest.
However Supervise (1989) claims that parents were clearly the most important sources of external influence on graduates educational and occupational decision. Graduates rated their mother;s influence as slightly higher than their fathers]s. He also reported that teachers were the second most influential factor after parents and that teachers were the most frequently mentioned extra-familial sources. Interestingly, he also found that they were more influential than the counselors concerning career decisions.
But Singularly et al. (2005) stated that the results from his study revealed that school guidance counselors were found to have a significant influence in career choice and that students infinite from career counseling. It was reported that some international students arrive from countries where formal guidance systems do not exist and hence, opportunities for career exploration were limited. Sock (2008) found 70% of graduating students said they would review a job offer with their parents.
Counsel (1996) found the top influences on career decisions were information and advice from parents and close family followed by friends and acquaintances; work experience was important as were the subject studied at university and advice from tutors. In Australia Bright et al 2005) also found that the social context, especially family, had an impact on career decisions, but that the impact lessens with time as students mature. Anecdotally, UK careers services have seen an increase in the number of parents accompanying their offspring to open days and asking questions.
The term “helicopter parents” has become commonplace amongst careers advisers. SUCKS introduced a mechanism whereby parents can manage the university process on behalf of their offspring. Furred (cited in Curtis 2008) has written about the increase in involvement of parents at such events and hills other commentators believe that this increase is due to financial considerations, Furred believes it more to do with parents not being able to let go. Many of the earlier theories placed work as being of central importance in people’s lives.
Bandeau created the Social Learning Theory which was based on instrumental, associative and vicarious learning experiences. Grumbler’s Social Learning Theory of Career Development (1979) drew on this by explaining how an individual assimilates information, learns from experience and develops the skills of career choice and implementation. The main influences on career decision making were genetic endowment and special abilities; environmental conditions and events: learning experiences and task approach skills.
They culminate in a constant self assessment of an individual’s performance and a view of the future of the environment in which they live. However, Crumbles sees environmental factors an external factor not an actual part of the careers decision making process. Law (1 981 ) saw a gap between trait and factor and opportunity structure and tried to bridge the gap from both psychological and sociological perspectives. The Community Interaction Theory focuses on the community in which an individual lives and how the everyday interactions that they engage in will influence, shape and develop them as people.
Law believed that individuals are not determined by their communities for example a working class student can decide to break away from the family pattern and attend university. Individuals have “agency’, the ability to enact their plans, but the immediate context does shape action. Kid (1984: 34) summarizes Law’s five influences as “feedback, support, modeling, information and expectations. The theory emphasized the importance of cultural but whilst collectivist cultures will influence individuals through community and role models, they are more likely to reinforce the role model of satisfying the family.
All and Graham (2007: 42) concurred with this believing that for those with a strong sense of self, the use of community could work in the way that Law describes and they could go their own way despite the wishes of the community. But for those less strong willed they “may succumb to external pressure and relinquish their own preferences. ” The theory does emphasize he influence of others and the external influence and does not put emphasis on the self.
But in contrast to Roberts (1979) who accepts the limitations of the labor market, Law suggests that use of the community can improve opportunities through networking. According to Balloon and Hutchinson (2007) individuals who have advised or influenced the career path taken by the student are known as socializes, They include guidance counselors; teachers; family; friends; significant others; peers; visiting professionals and health practitioners in the students life. It also includes Television, media and he Internet. Media and information.