Do prisons work? Michael Howard, Home Secretary speaking at the 1993 Tory Party Conference, stated the prison works. He went on to claim that It was no coincidence that recorded crime had fallen by a record amount over the last four years at the same time the prison population had risen. At the time of the speech, the prison population had been 60,000. At present, the prison population has reached 85,000.
The rate of reported crime has almost halved. Prison can be said to work for a number of reasons.Firstly, if an offender is in prison, they cannot commit further crimes outside of the prison. Secondly, as stated by Michael Howard, as the prison population has risen, recorded crime rates have fallen. It would be difficult to disprove there is a direct correlation between the two facts. Finally. The cost of sending an offender to prison (?38,000 per year) is not as expensive as the cost of crime.
Home office research has shown that, on average, those in prison have committed 140 crimes in the year before they had been sentenced.The cost of those crimes to society is IEEE,OHO , Discipline and Punishment, Faculty (1975) believed that the prison system was not a falling system signed to decrease crime by punishing criminals and deterring others. He believed the prisons system Instead functioned very effectively at accomplishing Its goals. The prison system allowed the upper class to continue the subjugation of the lower class. The prison system effectively incarcerated, isolated and economically controlled the most dynamic members of lower class.The continuous cycle of segregation and supervision rendered this most volatile group both politically and socially harmless. Faculty referred to this as the Great Confinement Prison does not work the main argument from the anti-prison lobby is that prison does not work due to the very high rate or recidivism.
In the UK, roughly 60% of those convicted each year are only in prison for less than 12 months, because they are there as a result of mall offenses, and drug offenses.Of those who leave prison, roughly 60% of them are convicted again within one year of release. The short spell In prison does not provide adequate time for the relevant authorities to Implement any kind of rehabilitation program. However, the sentence Is long enough to have a dramatic effect of the offender’s life.
En of the major problems of prisons circulates in the fact that politicians take the easy way to make the people think they are doing something to combat crime.They invest in police and prisons that do nothing but keep us in a repetitive circle without giving us any solution. Although prisons do have a role in society safety, they do not provide people total security. Actually there are big criminals that are not in prison and the ones who are in prison are not getting rehab.
Prisons tend to focus on punishment than on rehabilitation. As Rideau says prisoners that stay to long in prison tend to embrace the criminal culture, younger prisoners are coming out of Jail as more accomplished criminals.Young kids are kept In prison to long, and they learn from other criminals. When they are paroled, they are better criminals, and they would not get caught as easily.
Prisons do not work because criminals are released better at their crimes that when they were first sentenced to Imprisonment. Rehabilitation is the only way to fight this, but until prisons do more for rehabilitation risers could be set free with little or no danger to society.If they have not been rehabilitated, they still represent a major danger to society. The fact that they are old can be tied to have been more years getting criminal skills on prisons.
If they have been too long in prison may have also lost value to life because they has wasted most of it in prison or they know that are going to die soon and therefore has no fear of being imprisoned again. If prisons really worked on rehabilitation, older prisoners would have been rehabilitated and they could have been set free.