The Safaris dynasty was founded by Shah Small. 1501, Small seized much of Iran and Iraq. Called himself shah,Shah means king. Shah Small tried to convert Ottoman Sunnis. Massacred Sunnis at Baghdad. Ottomans and Scaffolds fought many wars against each other. Scaffolds used their Shiite faith as a unifying force.
Shah claimed himself be spiritual leader of Islam. Glory and Decline Under Shah Bass the Savvied reached the high point of their empire.European entries helped Savvied against the Ottomans who were more of a threat.
After Shah Bass’s death, Shiite religious leaders began to become more powerful. Religious orthodoxy began to grow. Orthodoxy: traditional beliefs; especially in religion.
Women were forced into seclusion and required to wear the veil. Due to an invasion by the Afghan peoples the Safaris Dynasty sank into anarchy. Anarchy is a period of Lawlessness and disorder. Political and Social Structure Political system was a pyramid shape. Shah on top.
Government officers and land owners In the middle and common people t the bottom.Safaris rulers were eagerly supported by Shiites who believed that Shah Small was a direct descendant of Muhammad. Shahs tended to be more available to their subjects than other rulers. Shahs seized land from landed aristocracy. Government appointments were based on merit not birth. Scaffolds were not as prosperous as the Mongols or the Ottomans. Safari culture Silk weaving flourished under safely culture.
Carpet weaving flourished and is still in high demand to this day. Rica-l-Basis was the most famous artist in Safaris art. Used soft colors and flowing movements.In 1500, Indian subcontinent divided between Hindu and Muslim kingdoms. Founder of Mogul Empire was Baber.
The Mogul Dynasty Burr’s forces were far smaller than their enemies armies but they had more advanced weapons. Against a force ten times its size the Burr’s seized Delhi. The Reign of Kafka Burr’s grandson Kafka came to power at age 14. By 1605, he brought Mogul rule to India. Kafka perhaps greatest monarch. Known for humane character. Kafka born Muslim but was religiously tolerant. Kafka was also tolerant in his administration of the government.
Peasants were squired to pay a third of annual harvest to government. Most prosperous in terms of foreign trade. Most trade was handled by Muslims because Mogul and Indian traders did not care for sea travel. Decline of Moguls Grandson of Kafka, Shah Johan failed to deal with domestic problems. Inherited nearly empty treasury.
Military and building campaigns raised taxes. Most subjects lived in poverty. Problems continued: Shah Khan’s poor health worsened and rivalry occurred between sons. Rearrange one of Indian’s most controversial rulers. Tried to eliminate Indian’s social evils. He forbade suttee.
Suttee: is where wife would be burned to death on the funeral pyre of her husband. Tried to stop the levying of illegal taxes, gambling and drinking. Rearrange was not religiously tolerant. Hindus had to convert to Islam.
British in India Arrival of British hastened Mogul decline. British carried Indian-made cotton to trade for spices in East Indies. British East India Company main British presence in India. Britain defeated France and became a dominant presence in Indian until after WI. Battle of Pleases, British defeated Indian army and gave Britain control of lands round Calcutta.Society and Daily Life in Mogul India Moguls were foreigners in India.
Moguls were Muslims and ruled a largely Hindu civilization. Women played an important role in Mogul traditional society. Women fought along side men in some cases. Mogul era saw emergence of nobility and prosperous merchant class. With introduction of Islam, some restrictions were place upon women. The practice of isolating women fell more in line with Hindu practices.
Suttee custom continued even with Mogul influence. Child marriage remained common. Mogul CultureMoguls brought Persian and Indian culture together. Best seen in the creation of the Tag Mall. Built by Shah Johan for his wife. Tag Mall Project employed 20,000 workers and last more than 20 years. Taxes were raised to build it and peasants went further into poverty.