During 1899 various countries (France, Germany, Britain, Japan, and Russia) were doing business in China.(1) Many of the American investors and businessmen that were currently doing business there, got worried that they could be thrown out by problems that could occur with the other countries. The then current U.S. secretary of state John Milton Hay under the influence of Alfred E. Hippisley and William W. Rockhill (4) drafted what it is now known as the ¨Open Door Notes¨.
(2) These notes said that the great powers had the same opportunities to trade with China and only China had the power to collect taxes not only that but if they did charge taxes or any other fees it had to be equal to every country.(3) In general what these notes stated was that these countries could have business there without having control or power over the country but China in retribution couldn’t have special treatment to any country. Jon hay? main purpose is not to help China is to help the United States he does help China in the process but still, his main purpose wasn’t that. The open door policy worked for a small period of time because in the year 1900 there was a rebellion known as the ¨ Boxer rebellion¨ this uprising started because people from China did not like that even though no other country was in control over them entirely there were areas that were under foreign control.
(5) These people were anti-Christianity and anti-Foreign, they started to kill hundreds of foreigners, missionaries, and Chinese who converted to Christianism. The united states and other big powers helped china against the boxer rebellion and won in August of 1900. After this event, John Hay issued a second open door notes making The United States the guardian of the trade concerning China. This policy made The U.S the most important for China.(1) When the communist won in 1949 the open door policy was ended which made the open door policy a failure but after some time of success.(2)