Environmental report on the environmental issue air contamination in Mexico City. Introduction This environmental report is about the affects of the air contamination in Mexico City. The city had one of the cleanest airs of the world but transformed to one of the dirtiest air of this generation. The level of almost any pollutant like nitrogen dioxide regularly breaks international standards by two or three times.Furthermore the level of ozone which is a pollutant that protects the human from solar radiation but is ungenerous to breath, are twice as high In Mexico City as the maximum allowed Limit for one hour a year and this occurs several hours per day all week long. I have chosen this particular area to study, as it looks similar to the problems Santiago is facing with its air pollution. In class we discussed already the case of air contamination in Santiago and I am really interested in how other countries look at this problem and what they do to against this problem.
This problem Is not only locally but also globally and can be found In many other big cities around the world. There are different solutions for solving this problem but in every city this is different. Even though people are coming up with solutions is not changing that much yet.
MAIN BODY There Is lots of evidence that shows that this Is a huge problem and really dangerous for society. Mega cities Like Mexico City get to deal with environmental problems. In Mexico-City each year 4,000 inhabitants die, only because of the high air pollution. (Demoded. Be). The estimate comes from the International Council on Clean Transportation (CACTI).
The city counts More than four million cars, 100,000 buses, en’s of thousands of trucks and over 28,000 taxis cause big traffic Jams in the city and makes transport almost unable as it is too crowded In the Mexican capital. Mexico City and Its surrounding counts more than 22 million Inhabitants. This means that It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Recent study has shown that more than half the 2,852 minors who have died from 1997 to 2001 in the Mexican capital is due to respiratory diseases caused by air pollution. Here an example of the problems air pollution causes to young children.The small Gigantic is only two months old, but has a big change to become chronically ill or even dying he is poor, not older than one year and spend most time outdoor where he inhales the polluted air everyday all day long.
Gigantic cough a lot while he sleeps but his mother is not able to keep him out of the pollution as he is strapped her back while she Juggles at a busy intersection to earn some money from the drivers who are waiting at the traffic lights. Gigantic has had flu twice already and he cries very much. They are inhaling the bad air several hours a day.Mart the mother of the child knows that air pollution is a problem, but they are to overly concerned because she thinks her baby is doing fine. She suffers from a burning sensation in the eyes and throat as she is at work on the streets.
And the baby Gigantic is very weak because the lungs of the baby may be damaged by the pollution. Probably his longs cannot overcome a heavy infection in this stats and furthermore chronic problems are developing Bad health for the inhabitants is not the only problem the city is facing because of the air pollution but it causes many extra costs as well.Health officials say that the costs rise to 720 million euros in the form of medical care and absence of work. 5 per cent of the total amount of people who are sick is related to the environmental factors and the poor air quality is the main reason.
Young or poor people are suffering the most from this problem. Study States that children, which are younger than one year have difficulties with metabolize the toxic elements from the air they are inhaling.Mexico city has plenty of polluted elements in the air and more than twenty million inhabitants live under the smoke and exhaust gases of the four million vehicles and thousands of factories. Most harmful are the particles of dust, sand, ash, smoke and metal residue. Furthermore ozone also is very dangerous. In the stratosphere, the ozone layer is our natural protection for life on Earth, but in the lower atmosphere ozone is a pollutant that is formed from a chemical reaction of exhaust gases under the influence of the Sun’s rays.
The social impact of this problem is that the changes of dying because of respiratory disease will increase.There will be a higher rate of respiratory diseases for the poor people than for the rich people. (coevally) Measurements the government can take to mitigate the problem The authorities of Mexico City are trying very hard to solve the problem and come up tit new ideas, which might work against the pollution in the city. The introduction of a second car-free day is a good try but is long not enough to solve the whole problem. Another measurement which can help by using fuel that has less sulfur could reduce the pollution by 95 percent, says some critics. In addition, there are the diesel soot particles that are flying around in the city.They embed themselves in the lungs and heart and cause asthma, bronchitis and even death. The so-called Mimic scale.
A value of 100 on the scale of Mimic is a high negative score, according to international standards. In Mexico City values between 100 and 200 are very common and therefore really dangerous for the population. When value is rising above 200, the situation is dangerous. As the smog index exceeds the 300, it is considered “very dangerous. ” The car-free day is used when the alarm at the promulgation of phase 1 . This is when the index indicates a value of 250 or more.
Actually this is quite common in the winter and therefore you see this hipping quite a lot in Mexico city. Phase two will enter into as the norm of 350 points on the Mimic index. This is really dangerous and everybody in the city should stop his or her activities.
In this case, schools are closed and the industry should reduce its activities with 70 percent. In March 1990, the city achieved a depth record with 392 points. In the fight against environmental pollution, Mexico City in introduced a car-free (working) day in 1989. In that time they were using colored license plates-yellow, pink red, green and blue.Than the government decided which group indicated by the license plate could not drive that day.
“Ho No Circular” (“Today driving is not permitted”). This was actually a good plan but the authorities did not take structural measurements. De real cause of the air elution was not faced. The bad quality of gasoline, the presence of over 30 000 factories in the city (dialing) and the inefficient public transport is not faced well enough and therefore things did not improve very well yet. Sixties per cent of the 3,5 million cars in Mexico City is older than ten years.Government tried to take them away but every year you can see them again and are driving through the city. Cars of that age produce very polluted gases, which cause the bad air.
The environment administration is also already focusing, among other things, on getting polluting traffic out of the city. Through its Green Plan, Mexico City’s environment politicians, led by the mayor, have introduced a number of initiatives focusing e. G.
On limiting greenhouse gas emissions, reducing traffic-related problems backing, even though considerable investments will be necessary before Mexico City can expect to derive any benefit from the project.When the plan was last revised in mid-2009, three quarters of the focus areas had been initiated and 7% of them had already been concluded. If individuals to a great extent cause air contamination, they should additionally be included in cleaning it up. Making individuals part of the solution obviously requires new training and information programs.
It likewise obliges a certain coordinated effort with community members who are not only worried by quality control but also in improving their social and economic situation, in equitable sharing of responsibilities, and in creating networks for communities to work together.Engaging women to encourage social and political progressions is additionally a key target, as is expanding distinguishes of their decision-making role in the family and community. There is little uncertainty that those results can help shape Mexico City’s long-term IR quality policy and programs. And although that this kind of Joint activity is well for intergovernmental participation to assault the issue.
It is likewise a step forward in creating approaches to inspect the whole cycle and include people. An other solution I would suggest would be to forbid the population to drive a car with a big CO emission.Or at least to put heavy taxes on it for driver who still want to drive this kind of car. According this graphic, we also should question car culture. Industrial manufacturing practices are the primary reason the earth’s air is polluted, but car-related pollution s the next biggest culprit. The manufacturing of cars and roads, the production of fuel, and the emissions that result from burning that fuel all play a part. Since many cities are laid out in such a way that driving is almost a necessity, it can be hard to determine the best way to combat this problem.No matter where you live, you can take action by finding creative ways to be less dependent on cars.
It may not be practical to give up your car entirely, but you can still take action by reducing your use of your car. For example, instead of driving to the grocery store every other day, cake one trip every week or week and a half, stocking up on everything you need all at once. Carpooling with your neighbors or signing up for a car share program are also great ways to reduce your car use. An other solution would be to take the bus, subway or train.
If you live in New York City you’re probably already used to taking mass transit wherever you go, but big cities aren’t the only places that offer public transportation. Get familiar with your city or town’s bus or train routes, and start replacing your car commute with a bus trip at least once a week. Work up to using public transportation as often as possible, only using your car when you can’t figure out a good alternative. Aside from doing your part to reduce air pollution, you’ll have extra time to read, knit, do crosswords, or people watch.
Taking public transportation is also safer than driving, and will probably help reduce your anxiety level since you won’t have to deal with rush hour traffic. Try walking or biking. Even better than taking public transportation is using your own energy to propel you where you want to go. You can probably walk to locations that are within a five minutes drive of your house – and if you’re adventurous and have he time, you may want to walk even further.
If you’re lucky enough to live in a place with good bike routes, start using them.In places with heavy traffic, biking can be the fastest way to get around. Reuse, recycle, and compost. Managing your household waste effectively is another good way to reduce air pollution. Reusing, recycling and composting can have a big effect on your garbage output, which means less trash going into the landfills – big sources of air pollution. Try to buy items that come in glass containers so you can reuse them over and over again.
Plastic is reusable, too, UT be careful reusing it too often to store food, since chemicals can leach from the plastic into the food over time.In conclusion, the reason of this investigation is that it is estimated that air pollution causes several hundred thousand deaths a year around the world. Although there is some controversy over the magnitude, some highly regarded academic experts have estimated that even with the US Clean Air Act, among the most stringent air quality laws in the world, as many as fifty thousand Americans annually die prematurely as a result of air pollution. Perhaps the leading cause of air pollution related death in tooth industrialized and developing countries is particulate matter – soot and dirt particles that cause respiratory failure.Another major health concern is ground level ozone often experienced as urban smog. This can cause premature death and is the source of considerable discomfort and lost workdays in cities around the world.
Lead emissions from gasoline have impaired intelligence of children and this realization has caused many countries to move toward a phase out of lead in fuels. Sulfur dioxide emissions may place asthmatics and others with respiratory disease at risk. Generally the elderly and children are the most vulnerable groups.Consequently, I do believe that to tackle with air contamination, educate yourself on air pollution. Different regions have different air pollution issues. There may be a factory nearby that’s polluting the air in your city, or perhaps the local landfill is the main culprit in your area.