Eth125 R8 Disability Diversity

Part I Identify 2 or 3 issues faced by the aging population. 1) Social Isolation 2) Retirement 3) Ageism Answer the following questions in 100 to 200 words each. Provide citations for all the sources you use. What is ageism? How does ageism influence the presence of diversity in society? Ageism is defined as prejudice and discrimination against older people. Aging is defined as the process of growing old or developing the appearance and characteristics of old age. And disability is defined as having a physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses, or activity.

Schafer writes that for the ageist, elderly persons reflect the image of disease, death, and dying as well as a reminder that we will all be old one day. (2012, pp. 395-396). Another stereotype of the elderly is that they are slow and mentally dysfunctional ?What is the Age Discriminitation in Employment Act (ADEA)? How does the ADEA address issues for the aging population?

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The age and Discrimination in Emplotyment Act (ADEA) is a law that protects workers 40 years and older from being fired due to their age, [ and then replaced by a younger worker that would presumably receive a lower rate of pay for the same job. The ADEA has gone so far as taking companies to court to prove they fired employees for reasons of being to old.

The act also work the other way if an older person is hire in place of a younger, the discrimintation is stil the same and is upheld by this law. Even with the law in place the elderly are still fighting for their rights. ?Is the number of aging population expected to rise in numbers or decrease? The older population–persons 65 years or older–numbered 39. 6 million in 2009 (the latest year for which data is available).

They represented 12. 9% of the U. S. population, about one in every eight Americans. By 2030, there will be about 72. 1 million older persons, more than twice their number in 2000. People 65+ represented 12. 4% of the population in the year 2000 but are expected to grow to be 19% of the population by 2030. The information in this section of the AoA website brings together a wide variety of statistical information about this growing population. Copyright © 2012 by University of Phoenix.

All rights reserved. Aging and Disability Worksheet ETH/125 Version 8 2 ?What types of legislation may or may not be affected by the aging population?

The key areas of legislation which will be affected by the aging population concern pension provision and health care. In both cases, the key issue is that the number of people working and paying taxes to fund pensions and healthcare will decrease while the number of older people making use of these services rises. Legislation in areas such as criminal law is unlikely to be affected significantly by the aging population. ?How does poverty affect the aging population?

Populations in developing countries are aging due mainly due rapid decreases in fertility and partially to increasing life expectancy; population aging in developed countries is primarily the result of past declines of fertility.

Weil mainly focuses on the impact of aging in developed countries, but he shows how these same factors will come to affect the rest of the world. As the population ages, the ratio of dependents to working age adults increases. Dependents are financed by a combination of personal saving, family help, and government transfers. In developed countries, government transfers derived from PAYGO (pay as you go such as Social Security) pensions provide the bulk of the support for the elderly dependents. Part II Answer the following questions in 100 to 200 words each.

Provide citations for all the sources you use. ?What does the ADA provide for people with disabilities? The Americans with Disabilities Act, also known as Public Law 101-336, is a civil rights law. It makes it illegal to discriminate based on disability in several different areas of life. It prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in: employment, services rendered by state and local governments, places of public accommodation, transportation, telecommunications services.

?How have people with disabilities been treated in the past? The disabled were placed in institutions (by the government) and were often forgotten about thus forcing them to live in unsafe/ unsanitary conditions. [ In conditions that would be construed as “animal cruelty” if an kettle owner made their animals live in those very same conditions the disabled were forced to live in. Many were abused, neglected, and murdered either by family members or at the hands of institution workers.

While neglect and abuse is still high, I’m happy to say “Neglect and abuse has been on the declined due to better educating society about people with disabilities. ” ?How has the attitude toward people with disabilities changed over time? Copyright © 2012 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Aging and Disability Worksheet ETH/125 Version 8 3 Individuals with disabilities comprise approximately 20% of the US population and constitute a significant minority group (Bush, 2001; National Organization on Disability (NOD), 2002).

[ They are relatively underrepresented in the workforce, however, in spite of technological advances and changes in the physical environments of most businesses and public settings due to the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990 (Koss-Feder, 1999).

Unemployment rates for people with disabilities, particularly people with severe disabilities, have remained stable at 70% for the past decade. ?What are some unique circumstances or issues encountered by people with disabilities? Many disabled persons develop a dependency syndrome, inferiority complex, a sense of resignation and feelings of isolation and exclusion from the society in which they are born and live.

[ It is clear, however, that many of the problems encountered by people with disabilities are not solely caused by perceptions or by culture. Cultures and perceptions disability differ from country to country, and there are also differences in this regard between rural and urban environments. ?What is being done to address those issues? Similar challenges face states as they try to improve services to people with disabilities. A review of state legislative action last year shows that states are emphasizing the creation of stand-alone disability departments.

During the 2004 legislative session, Florida’s legislature passed a law (SB 1280), which removed the Developmental Disabilities program from the Department of Children and Families and established the new Agency for Persons with Disabilities. ?What types of legislation have been introduced to address issues faced by people with disabilities? On January 23, 1990, the 101st Congress passed the “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990” (ADA), which was then signed by President George Bush. [ It established comprehensive protection for people with a variety of disabilities in many aspects of public life.

The impetus for the ADA grew out of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s. RESOURCES & CITATIONS ADA & EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION What to Do if You Think You have been Discriminated Against – http://www50. pcepd. gov/pcepd/pubs/ek97/what2do. htm Online Brochures on the ADA – http://www50. pcepd. gov/pcepd/pubs/publicat. htm#ADAbrochures Myths about the ADA – http://www50. pcepd. gov/pcepd/archives/pubs/ek96/lawmyth. htm Cost and Analysis of Accomodations Made to Employees with Disabilities – http://www50. pcepd. gov/pcepd/archives/pubs/ek96/benefits. htm DIVERSITY & STATISTICS

Disability and Cultural Diversity – http://www. pcepd. gov Copyright © 2012 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Aging and Disability Worksheet ETH/125 Version 8 4 Disability and Diversity: New Leadership for a New Era – http://www50. pcepd. gov/pcepd/pubs/diverse/intro. htm Disability Data Resources – http://www50. pcepd. gov/pcepd/pubs/ek99/resources. htm Copyright © 2012 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.