Even after decades, there’s a lot ofdiscriminations based on gender still happening in our society. The gender wagegap is one of them.
The gender wage gap is the average difference between wagereceived by men and women. The main causes of gender wage gap is educationattainment, occupational segregation, sexual discrimination and women tend to notnegotiate for raises and promotions aggressively. Gender discrimination thatoccurs in Indonesia most likely due to the cultural aspects that support it. According to Wage Indicator (2016), thesocial assumption that men are the one whose earnings are the primary source ofsupport for their dependents, while women deal with housework and family, isexceptionally solid in Indonesian society. As a result, when women are working,their position is assumed to be merely that of an ‘extra’ provider.
The culture of Indonesiansociety to support women not to work allegedly reflects the contribution ofIndonesian women in the labor market. As evidenced by reports from theInternational Labor Organization, only about 50 to 55 percent of women in Indonesiaparticipate in the labor force. The wage paid to men is bigger than thewage paid to women because he is expected to provide his wife and children adecent life. While female laborers, even when married, are also legally stillconsidered single. The World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Index (2016) datashows Indonesia has a gender wage gap of 14.
5%, meaning that on average Indonesianwomen earn 14.5% less than men.The gender wage gap is disadvantage forwomen, it suppressing their income and making it even difficult to balance workand family. Serious attempts to understand the gender wage gap should notdriven to the blame to women for not earning more.
Instead, these attemptsshould be to analyze in which sector our economy provides unequal opportunitiesfor women at every point of their education, training, and career choices.The non-discriminatory prohibitioncontained in the Indonesian Labour Law is based on Article 27 of the 1945Constitution regarding the status of citizens without discrimination. While thegender wage gap prohibition is regulated in the Government Regulation act no. 8of 1981 regarding the wage protection, which affirms that there is nodiscrimination in determining wages between male and female laborers for equalwork.
Some of the special rights for femalelaborers contained in Law act no. 13 of 2003 :1. Article 81. Women who are on period andfeeling sick (and then tell it to the employer), permitted to not to go to workon the first and second day of menstruation.2.
Article 82 (1). Women deserve to get atime to rest for one and a half months before giving birth and one and a halfmonths after it (according to the calculation by obstetrician or midwife).3. Article 82 (2). Women who suffer frommiscarriage are deserve to get a rest for one and a half months or depends onthe suggestion by obstetrician or midwife.4. Article 83.
Women deserve to get a timeto breastfeed their children if it should be done during worktime.