Few scientists ever make a lasting impression for the centuries to come. The most influential of these elite scientists is Austrian psychologist, Sigmund Freud, who was born on May 6, 1856. He was at the top of his class during his studies and eventually ended up conducting psychological experiments on his own.
Dr. Freud theorized about the human mind, which led to his countless contributions to medical science make his legacy an undeniable one. The genius, Sigmund Freud, developed many theories that revolutionized clinical psychology, electroconvulsive shock treatment, and dream interpretations during the 1940s.During the 1940s, there were countless clinical psychology facilities that used many of Freud’s theories. Clinical psychology cannot be clearly defined into one field because it overlaps different medical fields. It can best be described as a psychology that is “a body of knowledge and skills which can be used to help persons with behavior disabilities or mental disorders to achieve better adjustment and self-expression” (Shakow).
Basically, this branch of medicine is used to help one with their mental health issues. Unlike its most closely related field, psychiatry, clinical psychology cannot prescribe the use drug treatments. There was an undeniable amount of clinical work being done in hospitals and communities with the debate being huge concerning the training and education requirements for medical professionals in this field. Institutions such as the American Psychological Association and the American Board of Examiners in Professional Psychology were developed and oversaw clinical psychology and its treatments. Unfortunately, the lack of medical standards for this profession made America have significant growth, while other countries didn’t.
This lack of knowledge about psychology led to harsher treatments, such as electroconvulsive shock therapy being developed.A controversial treatment, electroconvulsive shock therapy, was developed as a result of different cures developed scientists around the world. Throughout 1917-1935 there were three methods that were used that lead to ETC being discovered. In 1937, Italian neurologist, Ugo Cerletti was convinced that the other shock treatments were too harsh, so he and two of his colleges experimented with several types of devices to try to find a better treatment. Their results were astounding and showed new hope because electroconvulsive shock treatments were more reliable, less dangerous, and easy to control.
This cure was soon being marketed and used around the world, but its popularity decreased during the 1960s and 1970s due to the increased technology and use safer treatments. Freud’s many popular theories led to ETC treatments and the interpretations of dreams.The last of Freud’s impacts were his imaginative theories involving dream interpretations. In 1900, Freud published his theories about dreams in a book titled The Interpretation of Dreams. Here, Freud claimed that dreams all have meanings and hypothesized that our dreams are visualizations of our greatest fears, hopes, and desires. Moreover, Freud explained that an individual will add or elaborate upon their dreams to make sense of everything.
Society was very fascinated with these theories and “in the 1940s and 1950s the ability to measure sleep, initially in animals and then in humans, arrived” (Cunnington). During these years, scientists studied the brain and its activity during a dream. Countless tests demonstrated that there are two types of dreams, ones that seem abstract and bizarre and ones that revisit recent events that had occurred.
Both types of dreams need interpreting to make sure your mental health has no clear issues. “…
The analysts usually instructs the dreamer to write down the dream immediately after he visualizes it” (Samiksha 5). Basically, to fully understand one’s dream, it is vital to write it down, so it may be analyzed later. Sigmund Freud’s theories aided in understanding dreams.Even though Sigmund Freud died on September 23, 1939, he ingrained a legacy for himself in the fields of psychology and psychoanalysis. His interpretations and theories of the human mind were used constantly after his death, especially during the 1940s.
Besides being an intellectual genius, Freud was an influential man who even inspired one of his children to study psychology. Some may say that Freud’s theories were unscientific and preposterous, but they are the basic principles of psychology still being used over a century later.