FRENCH MINISTERIAL MODEL To categorize which model the Finland’s government organization would fall into, whether is it the French Ministerial Model which closely affixed to the executive or the Anglo-Saxon model which provides more flexibility and clear split-up on political and administrative duties, there is some characteristics that needs to be analyse.
In Finland, the public service is stated as the services that are rendered through the state and municipal administrations (and including the army, healthcare, and education). The prime minister together with other eleven ministers forms the Council of State in Finland. Each of the ministry is responsible for the preparation of the subject matter depending on its mandate and for the proper functioning of administration. The function of these ministers is extensive. They prepare the national budget and legislative reforms and, after obtaining the approval of the parliament and the President, implement the latter. The Government have also the possibility to pass statutes if so authorized by the parliament and represent the various administrative sectors in domestic and foreign cooperation.
Also, they are responsible for its actions to the Parliament, meaning that the ministers must have Parliament’s confidence. The ministries prepare the matters that are decided by the government. The minister lead the work of the ministry officials. Numerous agencies and departments operate under the ministries. This marked one of the characteristics of French Ministerial Model which is the principle of Ministerial Responsibility, meaning that the minister is personally accountable for the work of the whole ministry. Also, the fact that the minister is adaptable and the number commanded by the head of state marked again the characteristics of French Ministerial Model.
In terms of the decision-making and the working methods of government, there are two types of plenaries, one chaired by the Prime Minister and the other by the president (Finnish Constitution Section 67). Plenary session of the government is held at 13.00 every Thursday in the government session hall.
Session are chaired by the PM, or if he/she is unable to attend, the minister deputising for the Prime Minister. This session is also attended by the Chancellor of Justice. The other plenaries which chaired by the president has no voting, as the president alone takes the decision meanwhile the other plenaries used a simple majority voting system.
A quorum exists when a minimum of five ministers are in attendance. The situation reflects that the ministers have the law-making or adjudication task which is the most striking difference from the Anglo-Saxon Model. In conclusion, based on the features reflects the Finnish government, it has adopted the French Ministerial Model.
However, it is worth-mentioning that it does not adopt the pure French origin model due to the existence of “agencification” (Quangos)-adoption of anglo saxon model- which correspondingly occur in Spain, Italy, and some extend in France.