From 2000 until 2017, India’s population has rapidly increase 17.7% which makeup into India current population which is 1,347,677,026 where 72.2% of the population is staying at rural.
With this high population, there is no surprise where India produce an average of one lakh metric tons of waste every day and only 9% percent of it is recycled. According to Government these waste are resulting in tremendous land and air pollution for the environment, health problems for communities and bottlenecks to the economic growth. Taken together, the problem of poor waste management in India is one of the nation’s biggest issues to date. Waste can be divided into two categories, liquid or solid waste, both can be hazardous. These waste can be group into organic, re-usable and recyclable waste.
Mainly, liquid waste came from a point source or non-point source discharges such as wash water from homes, liquids used from cleaning in industries and waste detergents. Meanwhile, solid waste is any garbage, refuse or rubbish that make from home. These include old car tires, old newspapers, broken furniture and even food waste. Generally, in India waste management is monitor by the state council. Locally, in parts of the country the waste management managed by corporations which were given the responsibility by the state council to collect the waste.The domestic wastes are collected twice a week while the recycled wastes are collected once a week.Though, the waste collection is consistent however the current collection does not allow the local municipal to know the status of the garbage bin either full or empty.
This practice of garbage collection become irregular and not relevant, once the increasing of state’s population. Whilst, it does not have a systematic schedule to collect every type of garbage, the overloaded garbage will attract animals and insects. So, it will create unhygienic condition for surrounding environment and creates bad small which can lead in spreading some deadly disease and human illness. Current garbage collection is inefficiencies, time waste and required a huge amount of human energy. This is because the garbage collectors need to check whether the garbage is full or not according to the fix schedule. The objectives of the project are to design a prototype of Internet-of-Thing (IoT) garbage monitoring system and alert the garbage collectors the fullness of the bin by identify the level of garbage based on the depth of the bin.
RFID (a unique id) will be allocated to every bin. This id will be used to track the bin on GPS so that the garbage collector knows the location of the filled bin.