What are the patient’s problems? The Patient main problem is essential hypertension. Certain symptoms are associated with this patient due to hypertension are: odyssey, apostasies, dizziness, blurred vision, crackles, and tiredness. What photographically changes are happening in his eyes and heart? The pathologically of hypertension or high blood pressure Is classified in three major categories: Primary or essential hypertension, Secondary hypertension, and Malignant or resistant hypertension (Gould, 2011 p. 308). The primary or essential hypertension Is Idiopathic.The eyes and the heart are two of the most often damage by elevated pressure.

For example, the retina Is one area that Is checked through the pupil of the eye. Likewise, blood vessels can simply be detected for sclerotic changes and rupture. When hypertension Is not controlled properly, It can cause loss of vision, or congestive heart failure, stroke due to hemorrhage, loss of vision or congestive heart failure (Gould, 2011 p. 309). According to the doctor, the patient might have developed congestive heart failure. Is it right- sided or left-sided?Due to the diagnosis of hypertension, the patient experienced odyssey, dizziness, fatigue, and weakness. The patient is developing left congestive heart failure. Left CHEF basic effect is decreased in cardiac output and pulmonary congestion (Gould, 2011 p.

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299). What medications are likely to have been used? Describe the mechanisms of actions of at least two intransitives drugs. It is important to reduce the work load of the heart by avoiding excessive fatigue. Influenza vaccine can be used as a prophylactic measure.One must use appropriate diet with low sodium and low cholesterol intake. Medication such as: ACE inhibitors can decrease rennin secretion and vasoconstriction, dioxin improves cardiac efficiency, intransitives and vacillators decrease blood pressure, and diuretics decrease sodium and water accumulation. These are possible medications depending on the patient’s condition (Gould, 2011 p.

301). Reference: Gould, B. E. (2011).