Introduction Malnutrition Is Indicated by impairment to physical and/or mental health resulting from failure to meet nutrient requirements.
The deficiency of nutrient is a result from lack of nutrient consumption. Most of the effects of Malnutrition include low birth weight, impaired growth, high infant mortality, anemia and other specific nutrient deficiencies. Malnourished children often experience loss of mental capacities. They become sickly and loss their presence of mind.
Because of this children that are malnourished often have low performance in school. School feeding program is done to reduce the number of malnourished children and Improve their nutritional status and at the same time Improving their performance Inside the class. Every human being has the right to health. This is a basic right which is guaranteed under the Philippine Constitution of 1987 Article 1 1, Section 15 stated that “the state shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill consciousness among them”.
Caisson (1998) says, “Every person who has good health is sure to excel in an endeavor while a person with poor health generally has robbers in life. ” Skill/Jollied Foundation sponsored the Bogus Lulus Italian Program. This program Is expected to be able to eliminate “Short Term Hunger by providing lunch in the schools made up of low cost with high nutrient food.
Some Grade I pupils In Killable Elementary School are having poor nutrition. Most of them are underweight which one of the sign that the child is malnourished.There is no significant relationship between the feeding program and the academic performance of grade two pupils. 3. There is no significant relationship between nutritional status and academic performance before and after the administering the feeding program.
DEFINITION OF TERMS Nutrition is the process of absorbing nutrients from food and processing them in the odd in order to keep healthy or to grow. (Incarnate Dictionary) Food is the source of nutrients that provides living things with the nutrients they need for growth and energy.Nutritional Status Is defined by using the following indicators, weight, height and age as classified. Feeding Program is feeding the children to improve their body condition and reach the normal level of nutritional status. Severely wasted referred to the malnourished children who needs to be feed properly.
Normal is referred to healthy in terms physical, mental and emotional. Wasted is referred to the partially malnourished. Pope with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers.SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The result of the study will be significant because it determine the effect of the BLOT feeding program of Killable Elementary School on the nutritional status and academic performance of the pupils. To the pupils, the result will aid them to practice good eating habit. This will also teach them to eat healthy foods that are low cost and are found in their backyard to improve their health condition and perhaps improve their academic performance. To the parents, the result will motivate and guide them to give their children the roper foods that will enhance the physical and mental development of their children.
To the teachers, the result will help them determine the body condition of the pupils. It will also help them organize classroom feeding program asking the help/ support from each pupils and parents. School administrators, the result is very important because it will notify the administrators to source out or find support for fund to stakeholders and organizations so that the program will continues. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE Good nutrition is important to supporting growth and maximizing learning potential.Due to current research, we are becoming increasingly educated on the role nutrition plays on the body and mind’s ability to grow and the performance of our potential learning capacity.
Nutritional intake affects energy levels, physical stamina, mood, memory, mental clarity, and emotional and mental well-being. Research is proving good nutrition is pertinent for the brain, so the old adage, Mimi are what you eat” is proving to be true. Parents and educators need to educate today’s youth to make healthier food choices because they are being raised in a culture of fast food (Meyer, 005).Because today’s children are being raised during a time when many meals are not being prepared at home, America is seeing the negative outcomes of poor nutritional choices.
Elementary students that have a positive perception of school meals tend to be more satisfied with the school foddering and nutrition program; therefore they are more likely to participate in the school food program (Meyer, 2005). As student progress their tastes change and to keep up with those changes the school food environment tends to become increasingly less healthy (Finniest et al. , 2008).These less healthy choices are more options for food opportunities that compete with the main lunch line that provides healthier options.
Providing quality food that is appealing to students will help promote healthy eating among students as will limiting students’ access to low-nutrient, high-energy foods. School meal programs play an important role in the nutritional adequacy of students’ diets. Dietary adequacy is of the utmost importance for students with their nutrient requirements to sustain normal growth and development. Even mild nutrient (Sampson et al. , 1995).According to the World Health Organization, most of the elementary children are lack if energy-protein nutritional elements that help in boosting the children’s weight and height. More than this, the most prevailing health problems of the elementary pupils are anemia, Vitamin A deficiency, goiters and impairment of vision and hearing from different regions in a particular country. In this connection, in the Philippines, all the public schools have been required by the Department of Health to have a regular health and nutritional program for the children.
Aside from this advocacy; there is also a habitual growth monitoring and feeding program.Furthermore, there are also nutritional education schemes for the concerned pupils, parents, teachers and school heads in how to eliminate the habitual absenteeism, dropping out of schools and failures of grades of many elementary students. Likewise, many other factors are being given focus by the health organizations together with the Department of Education and they include the academic performance of the pupils that is under the satisfactory level. Besides, most of the students, especially in the lower sections; do not have the ability to give focus and concentration in the class discussion.It has been also revealed that most elementary students do not have study habits at home. They could not study their lessons independently without the guidance of their parents or tutors.
METHODOLOGY The study will be conducted in Killable Elementary School. This school is located at Socio Killable, Vista Villa, Buckskin. It is 4 km away from the high way of Dallier, Manual, Fortieth Buckskin. The school is surrounded by Pineapple Plantation. Most of the residents are farmers or laborers who work for the big-time land owners.
The respondent of the research will be the grade two pupils in KillableElementary School, Killable, Vista Villa, Similar, Buckskin for School Year 2012-2013. Total enumeration among the grade two pupils constitute the subject of the study. The researcher will use documentary design in conducting the study like nutritional status and the average grade of the pupil.
Before administering the BLOT feeding program, the researcher will the get first quarter average grade of the pupils as the basis study and after the BLOT feeding program the researcher will get the average grade of the 2nd to 4th quarter for comparison.Schools need to educate parents and children on how to live a healthy lifestyle that includes proper nutrition. Schools can help school-aged children develop healthy eating habits by emitting a consistent health message by ensuring that healthy food choices are offered at school.
School administrators need to provide opportunities for staffs o receive education on good nutrition and health in the school environment. Schools should establish committees that include parents and community members to promote a healthy school atmosphere by focusing on nutrition and vending policies.Schools need to make the commitment to offer quality meals that provide the energy and nutrients students need to achieve their maximum potential. Meals should be served in a comfortable, friendly atmosphere. Since environment does play a role in students’ eating behaviors, students may be more apt to eat a healthy meal if they have enough time to eat, relax, and converse with their friends. Making the cafeteria pleasing to the eye and having pleasant food service workers can appeal to the overall sense of ease and encouragement of consuming a healthy meal.Nutrition education makes a difference in making healthy eating choices.
Students at all levels should receive nutrition education that will teach them the skills to make healthy choices not only at school but at home as well. Families should also receive nutrition bulletins throughout the school year to help them reinforce what is being learned at educating students, parents, teachers, food service staff, administrators, and the immunity. Schools need to promote a healthy eating environment and seek out student input to be used when planning a healthy menu.