HistoryProduction of electricity started in 1896.
The firstelectricity production company was Nigerian Electricity Supply Company in 1929.By 2000, National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) started being in charge ofthe electricity production in Nigeria. At 1896, Nigeria used 60 kW. Therefore, the highest capacitywas less than 60kW. Since the start of electricity production in Nigeria, therehas been frequent outages. This has made the government to undergo differentpower reforms in order to improv the power situation in the country. Energy Sources in NigeriaThe main sources of fuel are coal, water, gas and oil.
Outof this four, Nigeria has a large coal reserve which has been used fortransportation of trains. A large amount of coal is being consumed locally.Natural gas in Nigeria has been proven to be more incapacity than oil. It is said to last for more than a century as a domesticfuel and also as a source of revenue. On the other hand, Nigeria is one of theleading countries in the production of oil which has been seen as one of thegreatest source of revenue in the country selling over 33 billion barrels peryear with an average of 35 million barrels in reserve. It has helped in therunning of cars, turbines, generators and so on. It often goes through asetback which is the stress in oil recovery and the low production costs.Power sector reformsPower sector reform in Nigeria was brought upbecause of the inadequacy in the supply of power and the constant outage ofpower in the country.
The government made a great move by reconstituting thepower sector by denationalizing the power sector. NEPA was distributed intodifferent parts which ended up breaking their dominance making way forstrongly-minded power producers. The power sector reform bill made by thegovernment was made to distribute the dominance of NEPA and to make the powersupply more efficient and reliable in the country.
A 23-part Electric SectorReform Implementation Committee (ERIC) to create rules to advance the strategyobjectives of progression, rivalry and private segment drove towards the developmentof the power area. The Electric Power Sector was culminated in a bill markedinto law on eleventh March 2005 by President Olusegun Obasanjo. The usage of thepower change charge commenced with the fuse of the underlying holdingorganization, called Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) on the 31st ofMay, 2005. The essential capacities