History of nursing

Supportive-Educative care a to assist clients in attaining their highest possible level of health and wellness; for learning’s Communicator Integral to all nursing roles Nurses communicate with the client, support persons, other health professionals, and people in the community Nurses identify client problems and then communicate these verbally or in writing to other members of the health team ROLES OF A NURSE Teacher Nurses’ help clients learn about their health and the health care procedure they need to perform to restore or maintain their health.

Nurses assesses the client’s learning needs and readiness to learn, sets specific learning goals in conjunction with the client, enacts teaching strategies, and measures learning. A nurse also teaches unlicensed assistive personnel to whom they delegate care, and they share their expertise with other nurses and health professionals. Client Advocate Acts to protect the client Nurse may represent the client’s needs and wishes to other health professionals, such as relaying the client’s wishes for information to the physician. Nurses assist clients in exercising their rights and help them speak up for themselves Counselor

Helping a client recognize and cope with stressful psychologic or social problems, to develop improved interpersonal relationships, and to promote personal growth. Counsel primarily healthy individuals with normal adjustment difficulties and focuses on helping the person develop new attitudes, feelings, behaviors by encouraging the client to look at alternative behaviors, recognizing the choices, and develop sense of control. Change Agent Assisting others to make modifications in their own behavior. Nurses also often act to make changes in a system if it is not helping client return to health. Leader

Influences others to work together to accomplish a specific goal. Can be employed at different levels: individual client, family, groups of clients, colleagues, or the community Case Manager Work with the multidisciplinary health care team to measure the effectiveness of the case management plan and to monitor outcomes. Works with primary or staff nurses to oversee the care of a specific caseload. Primary nurse or provides some level of direct care to the client and family Helps ensure that care is oriented to the client, while controlling costs. Research Consumer Often use research to improve client care

Have some awareness of the process and language of research Be sensitive to issues related to protecting the rights of human subjects Participate in the identification of significant researchable problems Be a discriminating consumer of research findings Role Model Has good physical appearance Practices proper hygiene Practices healthy lifestyle Administrator Assumes middle management position Connects the patient to other services of the hospital Expanded Career Roles Nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, nurse midwife, nurse educator, nurse researcher, and nurse anesthetist All of which allow greater independence and autonomy.