How The Twentieth Century Affected Great Britain’s Aristocracy Before the twentieth century began, changes started to occur that affected Great Britain drastically. These changes include a shift in the aristocracy’s power, sprouting from the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution triggered a change in politics. Politics led to one of the biggest events of the twentieth century: The Great War. This war forever changed the way of life for the British common people and the aristocratic person.The Great War helped to innovate modern technology that continues to impact us today. All of these changes contributed to the new era of twentieth century Great Britain. The century mark ushered In a new and advanced way of life for an ever-changing British aristocracy.
Britain’s aristocracy never worked for their wealth, as It had been passed down through generations. They were used to living a very plush lifestyle as they visited their many country homes and had servants to wait on them. The way of life for the aristocracy was very expensive; they were always striving for more.They desired the best of everything and were driven to acquire luxury.
In their search to be fulfilled, they would amuse themselves with remarkable “expenditure”. These included: shooting parties, balls, theatre trips, grand dinners with rich French cuisine, gambling sessions, cards, horse racing- if it was expensive they were doing it (Yams 30). No matter how wealthy or far back the family line went, there was one person who had the authority to handle these inheritances: the father. In the aristocratic home, there was a chain of command that was strictly followed.
The person with the cost control was the father.His life controlled everyone below him, and the decisions he made affected the whole family. He made financial decisions and decisions about the formally social and friend group.
The father also decided his children’s education and his family’s religious and political views. The father’s main concern dealt with his son or heir and the path in which the son might take. The father was diligent to see that the family’s money would be placed in good hands (Yams 46-47). The aristocratic father’s role was not affected by the industrial revolution as much as his lath was affected.The money that he inherited was now being invested in big business and industrialization towns.
An industrialized father would have had the same responsibilities when it comes to decision making as an aristocratic father. In the end, the aristocratic fathers main responsibility was having a male heir to Inherit and wisely look after his Inheritance (Skylarks, Stearns, Greaves, and et al 46). Next In control would have been the mother, who held the organization role. Her mall attention was focused on the servants, the house, and anything that had an appearance that could be judged.She looked after how the house was run and the children. Her relationship with her children was different; they did not see each other frequently throughout the day.
The decisions the mother made reflected how the family was viewed by the outside world and the family’s appearance to society (Yams 47-48). Unlike the father, the mother’s role was affected by the industrial revolution. Mothers of that day would have always stayed at home, but as the industrial revolution came in, it brought about change for a mother. The industrial revolution offered women opportunity.The women and mothers of that day now had a choice and freedom to have a Job. Women during the industrial revolution found themselves in factories working and providing for their families. An aristocratic mother would not have worked in a factory, but an industrialization family’s mother would have worked in a factory (Skylarks, Stearns, Greaves, and et al 45).
Beneath the father and mother’s control was the Butler and Housekeeper, who belonged to the upper servants. There were two groups of servants: the upper and lower.The Butler was in charge of many things, such as looking after the male servants in the souse, the door, phone, wine cellar, and overall the organization of the house. The Housekeeper had many roles as well. She was in charge of the lady servants and their duties, which included all of the cleaning.
She was also the key keeper. There were many other servants who had parts that fit into the maintenance of this huge home and all of its requirements that made it run smoothly. The servants comprised the very upscale lifestyle of an aristocratic family (Yams 48-51).These servants were affected by the industrial revolution because many of them saw this as a chance to hang the way they lived. Although their lifestyle was by no means lacking in affluence, the servants were unable to live a life for themselves because they were working for the people above them. Some servants desired a different way of life and that meant moving away from the estates to work in factories located in the cities (Skylarks, Stearns, Greaves, and et al 45). The Industrial Revolution brought about many societal changes that affected the British aristocracy.
Up until the mid-sass the impoverished people had few employment alternatives. As factories were built, opportunities arose for the poor and many found work. Their livelihood began to change for the better. In Yam’s words: The biggest power shift that is nudging the aristocracy from their lofty perch is that they are no longer the only rich kids on the block. With the English industrial revolution of the mid-sass and the expansion of the British Empire-comes the gradual rise of the moneyed industrialists, the factory and mill owners, a new breed of get-up-and-go entrepreneurs.It was this class of workers who were perfect for the Job considering it was not a very complex Job Hereford requiring little skill. They also were poor and would work for low wages.
This working class then became the middle-class of Britain, and they grew very quickly. The middle class also had people who striver to succeed and make money, which became competition for the aristocracy. The aristocracy was usually well known for owning ironworks and mines, as opposed to industrialists who were self- made employers (Skylarks, Stearns, Greaves, and et al 44).To the aristocratic person the years before The Great War looked picturesque as the people of that time indulged into the Edwardian Era. In reality the people were actually concerned about their nation and the predicted fall of it. Their nation was the first county to go the largest the world had ever seen. The people began to worry about surrounding competitors such as the United State and other countries like Germany, as well as the last of their imperial wars- The Boer War. The Boer War had Just ended as they brought in the Edwardian Era in 1902.
Many people were shocked at the physical condition of the people after the war.It brought attention to the needs of the impoverished people who were very malnourished and generally poor in physical notations. The overwhelming and surrounding poverty led people to doubt the substantial British Empire, as they looked back on how things were not improving.
People were becoming aware of the social conditions of the people around them and how they could assist them. Their answers were two political parties the Conservatives supported by the aristocracy and the Liberals supported by a small Labor party (Vagabond). Many political changes were about to take place in Great Britain.In 1906, a Liberal government was elected and they introduced a number of forms, which dealt with old age pensions, unemployment benefit and public health provision. This shift in politics slowed down the growth of aristocracy in Britain and connected the Labor party to the material interests of the working class. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Britain was thrown into a struggle as it faced the three years Boar War with the Boer republics of South Africa. This war raised awareness of the need to reform the army and also to get a grip of finance, public health, and colonial government.
The Liberal party reforms were established for the repose of dealing with the imperialist’s responsibilities including war. The reforms were necessary, considering that the country was about to be at war (Lambert). The Great War or World War I mattered more than all of the reforms the country of Great Britain was going through at the time.
The Great War may not have established democratic change, but it pushed Britain to move towards democracy. Although only temporary, the war’s needs weakened the exercise of constitutional government.Great Britain entered the war holding onto their nineteenth century liberal values, which were the rights of small nations and the rule of law. Great Britain tried to avoid war by convening a conference of great power, but Germany refused. Instead, Germany’s invasion of Belgium was fueled by ideologies of great power politics (Astrakhan). Great Britain fought a very bloody war, but this could not have been done without a recruitment of men.
Because Great Britain had only a small professional military force, the army was made up of volunteer citizens or temporary soldiers who were anxious to return home after having fought this war.Their newfound patriotism eave them a political voice, which was bolstered by the international political press. The louder voice of the men who fought in the Great War began to diminish the aristocracy political strongholds (Cooley 10). The Great War and the Industrial Revolution also helped create new technology that would affect the modern world. The Industrial Revolution created mass production that helped tremendously with war.
Britain was able to produce guns faster and more efficiently. These new technologies included: trench warfare, artillery, poison gas, railways, air warfare, ankhs, and naval warfare- and the submarine.The Industrial Revolution contributed to economic expansion of the new technology gained from the use of their natural resources such as coal. The twentieth century was filled with new and remarkable people of that day lived.
Mass production enabled the middle class to purchase items that previously were afforded only by the aristocracy (Skylarks, Stearns, Greaves, and et al 40-41). In conclusion, the way of life for Great Britain’s aristocracy was forever changed by the events that occurred leading up to and during the twentieth century.The Industrial Revolution brought about change that had a lasting impact; it created Jobs that had not been available previously. These Jobs made a way for people outside of the aristocracy to make a name and life for themselves. In contrast, the aristocracy was constantly trying to protect their inherited assets. The Industrial Revolution also provoked a change in politics.
Politics took a huge turn during the twentieth century; it went from being focused on the monarchy, to being a full-fledged democracy. The Great War was the result of political changes that emerged during the twentieth century.