This document can be used to identify the level of risk and help to priorities any control measures.
Consider the consequences and likelihood for each of the Identified hazards and use the table to obtain the risk level. Consequences 1 – Insignificant Dealt with by In-house first aid, etc 2 – Minor Medical help needed. Treatment by medical professional/hospital outpatient, etc 3 – Moderate Significant non-permanent injury.
Overnight hospitalizing (inpatient) 4 – Major Extensive permanent injury (egg loss of finger’s) Extended hospitalizing 5 – Catastrophic Death.Permanent disabling Injury egg blindness, loss of hand’s, quadriplegia) Likelihood Almost certain to occur in most circumstances High (H) Extreme (X) Likely to occur frequently Moderate (M) c- Possible and likely to occur at some time Low (L) Moderate(M) Unlikely to occur but could happen May occur but only in rare and exceptional circumstances How to Priorities the Risk Rating Once the level of risk has been determined the following table may be of use in determining when to act to institute the control measures. Extreme Act immediately to mitigate the risk. Either eliminate, substitute or implement engineering control measures.Remove the hazard at the source. An identified extreme risk does not allow scope for the use of administrative controls or APE , even in the short term.
High Act immediately to mitigate the risk. Either eliminate, substitute or implement engineering control measures. If these controls are not immediately accessible, set a timeshare for their implementation and establish interim risk reduction strategies for the period of the set timeshare. An achievable timeshare must be established to ensure that elimination, substitution or engineering controls are implemented.NOTE: Risk (and not cost) must be the primary consideration in determining the timeshare. A timeshare of greater than 6 months would generally not be acceptable for any hazard identified as high risk. Medium Take reasonable steps to mitigate the risk. Until elimination, substitution or engineering controls can be implemented, institute administrative or personal protective equipment controls.
These “lower level” controls must not be considered At the end of the time, if the risk has not been addressed by elimination, substitution or engineering controls a further risk assessment must be undertaken.Interim measures until permanent solutions can be implemented: Develop administrative controls to limit the use or access. Provide supervision and specific training related to the issue of concern. (See Administrative Controls below) Low Take reasonable steps to mitigate and monitor the risk.
Institute permanent controls in the long term. Permanent controls may be administrative in nature if the hazard has low frequency, rare likelihood and insignificant consequence. Hierarchy of Control Controls identified may be a mixture of the hierarchy in order o provide minimum operator exposure.Elimination Eliminate the hazard. Substitution Provide an alternative that is capable of performing the same task and is safer to use. Engineering Controls Provide or construct a physical barrier or guard.
Administrative Controls Develop policies, procedures practices and guidelines, in consultation with employees, to mitigate the risk. Provide training, instruction and supervision about the hazard. Personal Protective Equipment Personal equipment designed to protect the individual from the hazard.