Human rights- these are norms thathelp to protect all people in the world from severe political, legal, andsocial abuses. “For example, right to freedom of religion or worship, right toa fair trial when charged with a crime, right not to be tortured, and right toengage in political activity. These rights exist in morality and in law at thenational and international levels.
Each State has an obligation totake measures to ensure that every human being within their territory can enjoythe rights set out in the treaty. Each treaty is a separate legal instrumentand states have the liberty of choosing the agreements to accept and those notto accept. Agreements and treaty bodies magnitude of functionality depends ontwo factors: 1.states acceptance of all the core international human rightstreaties and enforcing them.
2.coordination of the treaty bodies with theiractivities to achieve consistency in monitoring and implementation of humanrights both at national and international levels.The Syrian civil war has been atopic of discussion in the International arena over time. The war broke out inMarch 2011 as a pro-democracy protest in a bid to release of youths who hadbeen arrested and tortured after they painted revolutionary slogans in thewalls of their school.In the discussion of my paper, thecase study of the Syrian war, I will majorly focus my arguments on the ninecore international human rights treaties that set out the global principles forthe guarding and advancement of human rights, which states subscribe to bybecoming parties. These agreements are:• The Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.• The Convention on the Economic, the Social and the Cultural Rights.
• The global Convention on the Civil and thePolitical Rights.• The Convention on the Elimination of AllForms of Discrimination against Women.• The international resolution againstTorture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.• The Convention on the Rights of the Child• The declaration on the Protection of theRights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families.• The pact on the Rights of Persons withDisabilities.• The International Convention forthe Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
“HUMAN RIGHT VIOLATIONS ANDCORRESPONDING TREATIES• Use of force against unarmed civiliansSeveral reports demonstrate thatthe Syrian government had attacked civilians at bread bakeries with weaponryrounds and rockets in the opposition-controlled cities and districts in Aleppoprovince and Aleppo city, shooting indiscriminately. Human Rights Watch (HRW) classified the actsas war crimes since the military was targeting areas that were dominated by therebel groups, who were the ones in charge of the bakeries. The Syrian government retook the cityDamascus after the conflict of Damascus (2012), engineered the campaign ofuniversal reprimand against the Sunni suburbs residing within the town. Thiswas because they supported the free Syrian army.The international treaties thatcome into play are:a) The Convention on the Rights of Personswith Disabilities-ratifiedb) The International Convention on theProtection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families-ratifiedc) The International Covenant on Economic,Social and Cultural Rights-ratified• Attack of medical personnel’sAccording to the UnitedNation’sIndependent worldwide directive of Inquiry, the medical staff had beentargeted during the civil war. Rendering to Physicians for Human beings Rights,the government of Syria “responded to popular protests with months ofcontinued extreme violence and intimidation, and an all-out assault on thecountry’s medical system. The governmenthas repudiated “wounded civilians impartial medical care,” occupied,attacked and misused hospitals, attacked and impeded medical locomotives, anddetained and tortured doctors for looking after wounded civilians, according tothe group. In government-run hospitals, consisting of pro-regime staff”routinely performed amputations for minor injuries, as a form ofpenance,” wounded protesters were taken from hospital wards by securityand intelligence agents.
Ambulances with injured protesters were commandeeredby security agents to go to facilities for interrogation and sometimestorture. In response, medical practitionerscreated secret medical units to treat injured.Treaties at play are:a) The International Convention on theProtection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of theirFamilies.-ratified• Sexual violenceNumerous testimonies reported thepractice of sexual torture used on male detainees. Men were routinely made toundress and remain naked. Several former detainees testified beatings ofgenitals, forced oral sex, electroshocks and cigarette scorches to the anus incustody facilities.
Majority of the detainees were frequently threatened thatthey would be assaulted in the presence of their family. Their wives and daughters were also raped.Testimonies received from most of the men pointed out that they had been anallydefiled.
One man testified that he saw a15-year-old boy get defiled in his father’s presence. A 40-year-old man saw thedegradation of an 11-year-old boy by three security services officers. Treaties at play are:a) The Convention on the Rights of theChild-ratifiedb) The Convention against Torture and OtherCruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment- ratified United NationsConvention against Torture. • Torture, kidnappings, and executions On the 20th of March, 2012, HumanRights Watch issued an open letter to the resistance forces (including theFSA), accusing them of carrying out kidnappings, torture, and executions, andcalling on them to halt these unlawful practices.
United Nations-sponsored,”Independent global directive of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic”has written down the war crimes in Syria since the beginning of the civil war.It noted that rebels had engaged in war crimes, but they, “did not reachthe gravity, frequency and scale” as the war crimes executed by stateforces. On 2 November 2012, the FSA’sal-Siddiq Battalion abducted and eliminated renowned Syrian actor MohammedRafeh.
It briefed that he was a member of the shabiha and was carrying a gunand military ID.