Humanism is the idea that human character is the basis of everything in society. This belief became super popular in the 15th century Italian Renaissance, when people started to discover that they were more than just people placed on earth to do nothing. People started branching out of their comfort zones and exploring arts, plays, and sculptures that were being put into a new perspective. Giotto Di Bondone’s, Madonna Enthroned, is one of the classic examples of the new humanism perspective of new discoveries. All of the figures and angels are facing Madonna, giving the illusion of space linear perspective. Madonna is the one fixed view point and that’s absolutely visible, just by glancing at the painting. The second piece of artwork that displayed out of a result of humanism is Lamentation, also by Giotto Di Bondone.
Naturalism is an art form that depicts life like figures and expressing human emotions of them through body language. The posture of the figures painted in this art are painted in a way that it reveals the bodies underneath the clothing, this gives the figures more realism and emotions, causing them to look extremely real-like. There are emotions of grief reflected off the faces of Virgin Mary, the angels, and several other characters. Giotto demonstrated the use of perspective by placing three-dimensional figures on a two-dimensional surface. Along with the sudden combination of naturalism and realism, which changed how people started to view and paint artwork.
Lastly, The Holy Trinity, by Masaccio is another great work of art that displays the single point perspective in artwork. We can see that through his great use of architecture and his detailed line pattern found on the ceiling, which immediately causes the gaze of the viewer to focus on there. The white collar on God is also brighter out of all the other colors in the painting, directing our eyes to the center where Christ is being crucified. Giotto and Masaccio are just a couple out of a number of great artists who contributed to the idea of humanism and the reform of artwork.