Definition of Physical Education According to Charles A. Bucher, physical education, an integral part of total education process, is a field of endeavour which has as its aim the development of physically, mentally, emotionally and socially fit citizens through the medium of physical activities which have been selected with a view to realizing these outcomes. ” The Objectives of Physical Education Basically physical education aims for the: PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Through the carefully selected physical an individual who participates actively will develop and maintain good health and a high level of physical fitness.The acquisitron of physical skills can motivate an individual to participate, further in physical activities hence his growth and development will be enhance. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Participation in the physical education activities provides opportunities for the development of desirable social traits needed for adjustment to the social life in general.
Some worth while traits are: -friendliness -cooperation -respect for the rights of others EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT The informal nature of physical education activity offers opportunities for self-expression and emotional mastery.example of traits are: -self confidence -courage -determination MENTAL DEVELOPMENT Through participation in physical education activities the individual develops his mental capacities as he learns the mechanical principles underlying movement, as he acquired knowledge and understanding of rules and strategies of games and sports, and as he discovers ways of improving his movements in gymnastics and dance Importance of Physical Education 1. Physical education is needed because due to advanced technology the lifestyle of people becomes sedentary and they become passive entertainer.2. Physical education is needed during elementary & secondary education for proper growth and development. 3. It is beneficial during adulthood to maintain good health and fitness. 4.
During old Age, physical education is important to prevent and treat various ailments and disease. 5. It is important as it provides us the knowledge of our bodies from musculoskeletal, physiological and biochemical point of view. 6. It teaches us various physical activities that can be practised now in later life such as motor skills for the games and sports of volleyball, tennis, swimming and so on.7.
It also teaches us the value of ethical behaviour and what is elementary education in sporting situations. 8. It teaches us the value of physical fitness and how to become physically fit. 9. It teaches us the value of physical fitness and how to become physically fit. 10. It is important for aesthetic reasons as by participation in physical fitness programmes like gymnastics and dance, beauty and grace in cultivated in the movement. Values of Physical Education Physical education has many values for us.
Some of these are: * Sensory stimulation through physical activity is essential for the optimal growth and development of the nervous system. * Promotes cognitive function through imitation, symbolic play and the use of symbols. * Assists in the development and refinement of perceptual abilities involving vision, balance, and tactile sensations.
* Enhances the function of the central nervous system through the promotion of a healthier neuronal network. * Aids the development of cognition through opportunities to develop learning strategies, decision making acquiring, retrieving, and integrating information and solving problems.* Fortifies the mineralization of the skeleton and promotes the maintenance of lean body tissue, while simultaneously reducing the deposition of fat. Definition of Physical Fitness Physical Fitness is a level of health in wich you have muscular endurance,muscular strength, flexibility, cardiovascular endurance, and lean body composition. Physical fitness is achieved by the regular movement of muscles through a variety of exercises. Maintaining physical fitness is a life-long process and should always be part of your lifestyle.
People with disabilities can also reach a measure of physical fitness by doing exercises appropriate for their conditions. Goals of Physical Fitness The goals of physical fitness are to: * Help you be at your ideal weight. * Help you have more energy and work without fatigue. * Help you to be better able to cope with stress. * To make you less depressed and anxious. * To make you less likely to have psychosomatic diseases and disorders.
* To make you less likely to have chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and obesity-related diabetes.COMPONENTS OF PHYSICAL FITNESSHealth Related components: Those factors that are related to how well the systems of your body work * Cardiovascular Fitness: The ability of the circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during exercise. * Body Composition: The relative percentage of body fat compared to lean body mass (muscle, bone, water,etc) * Flexibility: The range of movement possible at various joints. * Muscular strength: The amount of force that can be produced by a single contraction of a muscle * Muscular endurance: The ability of a muscle group to continue muscle movement over a length of time.
Skill Related Components: Those aspects of fitness which form the basis for successful sportor activity participation. * Speed: The ability to move quickly from one point to another in a straight line * Agility: The ability of the body to change direction quickly * Balance: The ability to maintain an upright posture while still or moving * Coordination: Integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses. * Reaction Time: Amount of time it takes to get moving.
* Power: The ability to do strength work at an explosive pace.