In highlights how the increase in religious issues,

In order to effectively answer the question its essential to
engage with literature that covers a variety of academic disciplines, from politics
and international relations, conflict studies, history sociology, theology, to security
and terrorism studies given the scope of the issue. The objective in engaging
with this form of diverse literature is to find the ideas, actors and reasonings
at play and show in what ways and to what extent different aspects of religion
were involved in these conflicts.  The
relationship between religion and conflict has emerged as an increasingly
important field of study over the past decade. Several Study have shown how
religious factors play part in the development and cessation of hostilities. A prominent
debate on the literature of religious conflicts has centred around Samuel Huntington
(1993-1997) “clash of civilizations”. Huntington’s clash of civilisation theory
is based on idea that religious and cultural identities would be the main causes
of international conflicts after the end of the Cold War . He takes on the
historical pattern of religious violence and concludes that Conflict will
mostly be between the Muslim and the non-Muslim world. Toft (2007) identifies the
religious aspects of civil wars, likewise, Pearce (2005) examined the importance
of religion among the parties involved in conflicts. Similarly, Fox (2004) highlights
how the increase in religious issues, discrimination, and other factors play
part in the dynamics of ethnic conflicts. Moreover, the past half-century has
seen a significant increase in religious practices followed by the dramatic
rise in the use of religion to engage in violence. Between 1960s and 1990s,
there was a significant increase in the number of conflicts where religion was used
to justify acts of violence.  (Toft,
2007). Abu nimer(2011) highlights how  some
religious leaders have  characterize the Palestinian-
Israeli  conflict as a war between Islam
and Judaism. Similarly, Sells(2011) argue that religion was a factor in the disintegration
of the former Yugoslavia as victims were often selected according to their
religious affiliation. Given the limited word count an  exhaustive literature review is beyond the
scope of this paper.