In the news as of January 25, 2018 Canada has decided to double the aid for girls education, as Justin Trudeau pushes the gender agenda. The article states that with the help of Justin Trudeau Canada has doubled its aid to the Global Partnership for Education to $180 million. This announcement was made while Trudeau was participating in a panel discussion specifically about the empowerment and education of women. His mainly stressed point was that education is the best way to improve outcomes in developing world. The Global Partnership for Education is known for supporting developing countries around the world to ensure that every child receives an education based on quality and they do this by prioritizing those who currently live in vulnerable situations.
As discussed in chapter 14 of The Sociology Project written by Caroline H. Persell and Dirk Witteveen, Education and schooling are of high importance and serve a variety of purposes. Beyond other abstracts these most important purposes are related to socialization, future preparation and various economic benefits. The authors also discusses two theories in relation to education, these two being ‘human capital theory and allocation theory. As discussed in the chapter, socialization is considered one of the major purposes of schooling as it aids in the shaping of habits, attitudes and practices. Each of these things contribute to the shaping of an individual. A main concept stressed in the chapter is what sociologist refer to as the hidden curriculum. This term is the often unwritten and unofficial lessons and values that students learn in school.
Essentially, this is the extent to which students comply to the rules and regulations laid out by their teachers. These unstated standards, such as raising your hand before responding to a question or waiting your turn before speaking, are learned unintentionally. The hidden curriculum helps in the transmission of norms, values and beliefs that are conveyed in the classroom but also relate to all other social environments.
The second major purpose of education is its ability to prepare individuals for the future. The accumulation of stock, knowledge, skills and habits is commonly referred to as human capital by sociologists. In the future, students will be able to use the human capital that they attained during their years of schooling and apply to it their careers and productive labour later in life. Beyond credentialism, which is the requirement of specific degrees and qualifications before being considered for a job, employers also look for the soft skills that one presents.
These are presentability, personality which also aid in the enhancement of one’s job selection, employment and performance. Although it is important for individuals to enhance their cognitive abilities and mentality, it is almost impossible to succeed in the real world and workforce without social skills. Education and schooling is an important part of developing all the skills necessary for future social contexts.The last major purpose of education is the economic benefits and growth the economy as well as those with more education reap. The data shows that the most effective approach to economic development that benefits the individual as well as developing countries and societies is providing elementary education to everyone.
Its agreed that with the increase in education it leads to a more educated, efficient and qualified workforce. Those who attain higher levels of education also reap multiple socio economic benefits. This is because those with high occupational status tend to have highly specialized training and a high degree of education. There are two theories to explain why this is the case. The first theory is human capital theory. This term was popularized by the economist Gary Becker and expresses that education transmits the necessary knowledge skills as well as values that develop in childhood and persist into adulthood. There is a strong belief that investment in human capital leads to economic growth.
The theory also believes in the enhancement of soft skills, also known as non cognitive traits, and critical thinking skills, also known as cognitive traits are able to develop in educational settings. Many of these skills are applicable worldwide and to a variety of tasks across employment. Human capitals views education as a changing aspect in that in changes individuals by making them more productive. In contrast to human capital theory is allocation theory. This theory views the education system as putting individuals into different institutions which further allow their ability to think and learn.
It does this by sorting people into various sectors which allows employees to have a comprehensive understanding of who has the capability to be successful and who doesn’t. The view of this theory is that allocation does not change you, rather it moves you into different routes based on degrees of success. The role of social closure is another aspect of allocation theory. Social closure is correlated with Max Weber’s work and it occurs in education when it serves as a credentialing function. This means that it limits entry into some professions.
Another concept from chapter 14 that relates to this article is the gender differences and the gender gap between males and females. Gender inequality and education is a constantly arising issue in many countries worldwide. Data has proven that young girls are out-performing young boys in affluent nations.
Yet, in countries with significantly large muslim or with a large rural agricultural populations women do not have the same access to school that men do. It is much harder for them to even attain an elementary school education. In conclusion, many of the concepts and theories depicted in Chapter 14 relate significantly to the Trudeau’s idea of doubling the aid for girls education worldwide. With education, women globally will be able to reap the benefits in the socio economic and social aspects. They will also learn the any traits, both cognitive and noncognitve that help with future preparations and opportunities.
Doubling the aid for education will only have positive outcomes and will help shape the lives of many individuals and put them on the right route for success.