In second language. Martin became very unpopular within

In the 1840 Presidential
Election the race was between two people by the name of William H. Harrison and
Martin van Buren. William H. Harrison was the candidate for the Whig party and
his vice-presidential candidate was John Taylor. On the other end of the
spectrum was Martin van Buren, candidate for the Democratic party and his
running mate was Richard M. Johnson. The electoral votes for this election does
not tell the full story, although it may have looked like a landslide win by
William H. Harrison with 234 electoral votes for Martin van Buren’s 60
electoral votes. The popular vote was very close with William taking 1,275,390
votes and Martin taking 1,128,854 votes. Martin won 6 of the 26 states at the
time, which is mainly way the electoral voting looked so lopsided, but the
popular vote did not.

            Martin Van Buren was former president before the 1840
election, he was in office from 1837-1841. He was one of the founders of the
democratic party and held several positions in the Government. The only reason
he won in the 1837 election was because he promised to continue Andrew
Jackson’s policies (former president). In 1837 a panic struck which led to the
Whig Party gaining popularity and growing throughout the nation. The result of
this ultimately led to his defeat in the election. Martin was most known for
defending Abraham Lincoln’s policies during the American Civil war. He was the
first president to be born of Dutch descent and is the only president ever to
speak English as a second language. Martin became very unpopular within
congress and that is mainly why he was voted out of office.

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            William Henry Harrison was the 9th President
of the United States (this current election I am talking about) which was short
lived, he only lasted in office for 31 days after defeating Democratic
candidate Martin van Buren. The reason of him lasting only 31 days is because
he died of pneumonia. He was the first ever president to die in office and his
death brought up an issue, it leads to questions of the presidential line of
succession which ended up leading to the twenty-fifth Amendment. Harrison
gained most of the popularity for the election for leading U.S. forced against
Native Americans in the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He was promoted to major
general for the war of 1812 and in 1813 he had his most notable battle, the
Battle of the Thames. This led to the death of the Indian coalition which
Tecumseh led. Harrison ran for president for the Whig party in 1836 but was
defeated by Martin van Buren and 4 years later he ran again against Martin van
Buren and won in a landslide victory in the election of 1840.

            The Whig Party in the 1840 Election mounted a more
effective campaign for presidency. The Whig Party use an ad campaign against the
Democratic candidate which portrayed him as an elderly and ailing and someone
who drank hard cider and lived in a log cabin. Although this ad helped the Whig
Party in the election, the major reason for helping the Whig Party was that Van
Buren’s popularity was being diminished, the entire country was going into an
economic depression. The Whig Party attacked him constantly in partisan
newspapers. The idea of expansion into the West was strong in politics in the
period, it threatened to divide the Whig Party into Northern antislavery and
Southern proslavery factions. The Whig Party and the Democrats disagreed
greatly on the idea of slavery, the Whig Party was more sympathetic toward the
slaves and Native Americans and less enthusiastic about expansion than the
Democratic Party was.

            The Democratic Party in 1840 nominated Martin van Buren
for reelection in 1840 (previous president) despite his extreme unpopularity
because of economic failure. The platform of the Democratic Party was that the
constitution was the main guide for every state’s political affairs. Also, that
the federals government should have their powers limited, everything should be
followed from the constitution. The democratic party mainly focused on their
vice president more than their presidential candidate because of the extreme
unpopularity of Martin. In the end the mistake of picking Martin to be their
candidate for the 1840 election proved to be an unwise one and they and lost in
a landside of electoral votes, the Whig Party defeated the Democratic Party
very easily because of the extreme unpopularity of Martin.

            In the 1840 Presidential Election there were 26 states,
the states consisted of Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky,
Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Jersey,
New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont,
Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Missouri, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. William
H. Harrison won 19 of the 26 states with 234 electoral votes but only winning
52.9% of the population. Martin van Buren won 7 of the 26 states with 60
electoral votes but won 46.8% of the population. William H. Harrison won
Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland,
Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina,
Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, and Vermont. Martin van Buren won
Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Missouri, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island.
Although the election did not look closely with Harrison winning 19 states and
Martin only 7 states, the voting for the general population was a lot closer.
It all came down to who got most of the votes in each state, regardless of it
being close or not. Martin only won by a couple thousand votes if that in most
states but because he could not win those states it looked like a landslide
victory for his opponent William H. Harrison.

            One of the Vice-Presidential candidates in this election
was John Tyler, Vice-Presidential candidate of the Whig Party. John Tyler ran
with William H. Harrison in the 1840 presidential election. He was the tenth
President of the United States, going into office after President William H.
Harrison died 31 days into office. John Tyler was Ex-Senator of Virginia
serving from 1827-1836, Governor of Virginia from 1825-1827, Representative of
Virginia from 1816-1821, and President pro tempore from 1835-1835 (short
lasted). John Tyler was the first president in U.S history that was not elected
into the office of the President. Because of John Tyler going into office it
soon made the Twenty-Fifth Amendment. Although John Tyler ran with the Whig
Party he found most of the platform unconstitutional and voted several of his
party’s bills. John Tyler died at age 71 in Richmond Virginia and was part of
the Democratic party from 1828-1834 before switching to the Whig Party in 1834
and running with them in the 1840 election. John Tyler was a very busy man, he
had 15 children and his profession was being a lawyer besides a politician.
John Tyler and Harrison’s victory over the Democrats came mainly from the
slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” which put a huge surge of nationalism into
the country and southern sectionalism.

            Another one of the Vice-Presidential candidates in the
1840 election presidential election was Richard M. Johnson. Richard M. Johnson
was part of the Democratic Party, he was part of the administration of
President Martin van Buren from 1837-1841. Johnson’s full name is Richard
Mentor Johnson, he was born in 1780 in Kentucky and died in 1850, in Kentucky.
Johnson was part of the Kentucky legislature in 1804 and two years later to the
house of representatives, he served in the house of representatives for 20
years. Johnson was a supporter of Andrew Jackson which led him to become part
of the Democratic party. Jackson was the person who told Martin van Buren to
place Johnson as his vice-presidential candidate in 1836. For the first time
ever, the electoral college could not agree on who they wanted to pick for the
vice-presidential candidates and Johnson ended up being selected by senate,
which is a rule set by the Twelfth Amendment in the Constitution. Johnson’s
term in office was very uneventful, opposition against him within the party
increased, this was mainly thought of because he has a long-term relationship
with a female slave even though he was unmarried. Johnson had two children with
the female slave. In the 1840 election Johnson ran with Martin van Buren once
again but this time they lost, Martin van Buren had lost supporters and so did
the Democratic Party which in the end was the result of their loss. After the
loss Johnson decided to retire and died shortly after he was reelected to the
Kentucky legislature.

            The 1840 Presidential Election consisted of two
candidates. The two candidates, of course, Martin van Buren and William H.
Harrison. Both candidates were qualified for the job of president, Martin van
Buren of course, previously being president, serving from 1837-1841 and William
H. Harrison holding several positions of the United States Government before
running for the office of President. The Whig Party had a more offensive
approach to this election then their opponents, the Democratic Party. The Whig
Party ran several ads that diminished Martin van Buren’s character and made him
look like a horrible person. The Whig Party also ran all kinds of slogans, one
of the famous ones being “Tippecanoe and Tyler, too”. The Democratic Party ran
a more conservative approach to this presidential election and did not run as
aggressive as a campaign as the Whig Party. The voting breakdown of the
election looked to be as if the Whig Party won in a landslide victory, and in
electoral voting they in fact did, winning two hundred and thirty-four
electoral votes to sixty electoral votes. But the popular vote said otherwise.
William H. Harrison only won by a little over a million votes, the popular
votes being Harrison with one million two hundred seventy-five thousand and
sixteen votes to Martin van Buren’s one million one hundred twenty-nine
thousand and one hundred and two votes. In the end though the election seemed
to not be close and the Whig Party won, and William H. Harrison became
president and although he won he only lasted thirty-one days in office after
dying from pneumonia and his vice-presidential candidate John Tyler took the
place as President of the United States American, being the tenth President of
the United States of America.