In 1960, British Somaliland and Italian Somalia combined creating the Somali Republic. This newly created country was later ruled by dictator, Siad Barre. The Somali Civil War began in 1991 after Barre was removed of office. Somalia’s politics became corrupt and the government was not able to establish an effective system.
While Barre was a influence that started the war, tribalism was a big factor. Clans built the foundation of Somalia, however they were constantly exploiting each other. It was this clan warfare that created the war itself (New World Encyclopedia).
In the Somali Civil War different clans fight for land, making this a territorial conflict. Each clan wants to expand their individual power which has ultimately led to fighting over borders. In areas where battle has brought to major cities, compromises have been reached to divide them into a North and South. An example of this is the capital, Mogadishu, where the Habargidir Clan and the Abgal Clan Have divided control.
This conflict is happening in Somalia, but the majority of fighting occurs in the south. The federal government’s territory is primarily located to the southeastern region of the state, which makes it a magnet for battle. The southeastern region is also where the capital, Mogadishu, is located. This causes the fights to be brought to the more populous region. Smaller clan wars also occur across the entire nation. These small, but deadly battles make up most of the fights that are tearing Somalia apart.After dictator Siad Barre was overthrown from power, Somalia failed to establish an effective and operating government. This political conflict caused corruption and left Somalia without a leader or government system.
However, factions and clans have always had tensions between them. The desire for more land and power arose when the gate for creating a new government in Somalia opened. While there have been many attempts to fix Somalia’s lack of leadership, none have been successful.This conflict began in 1991 when Siad Barre regime was defeated. Clans became at war with one another and suddenly gained interest in the opening for power. It was at this point that fighting was the most brutal. The conflict has still not been resolved and tensions continue to run high between the various groups.
Fights and wars have spread across the country. Battle and creating new territorial claims continue to plague the nation. Government authority is still nonexistent so no rules are applied to those living there. This lack of authority is also what has prolonged the war. As long as Somalia has the need for a government the fighting will continue and this dispute could be carried out indefinitely. When the war started in 1991 fighting and destruction of resources led to famine for the entire region.
Resources became scarce and suddenly Somalia found itself in the middle of both a civil war and a humanitarian crisis. Many casualties of this conflict are civilian deaths because fighting takes place in common towns, villages, etc. The citizens of Somalia have had to and will continue to pay the ultimate price because the nation is not able to govern itself. The fighting has remained in Somalia, however the most dense area of fighting is the south. This conflict hasn’t spread to other countries, but instead stayed within its own borders.
This is primarily because it is a local conflict that affects only Somalia for the most part. The war is quite small scale considering country size and frequency of battles.This disagreement continues to be prolonged because Somalia does not have a government. The clan wars that are spread across the state occur because each faction wants power and control over Somalia.
As long as the position for effective authority is available, Somalia will most likely continue having conflict indefinitely. It is possible that power could be shared amongst groups, but the chances of all groups surrendering full power is unlikely. In the early 90s UNOSOM (United Nations Operations in Somalia) was established. The UN attempted to create a ceasefire with the help of rebel faction leaders.