Indonesia have plenty of energy resources. Mostof Indonesia’s power plant use fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and gas which willrun out and caused a greenhouse effect 1. National Long-Term Development Plan2005 – 2025 (RPJP) stated that nuclear can be utilized to fulfil electricity inIndonesia. According to RPJP, Indonesia has planning to reach 17% energy sharefrom new and renewable energy, and nuclear is include among other resourcessuch as solar, biomass, wind and hydro 2. However, NPP development plan inIndonesia faces obstacles.
It because not many people know about importantreasons of NPP for the Country. Indonesia need to build Nuclear Power Plant fora variety of reasons: environmental, competitive and availability of abundantfuel. First, Indonesia needs nuclear to replace usingfossil resources considered environmental aspect. Advatages of NPP inenvironmental aspect are clean, environmental friendly, and also have thelowest environmental impact. During normal operation, NPP do not produce airpollution which contain carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2)and nitrogen oxide (NO). These pollutant can contaminate to air, water andsoil. It can cause health effect and premature death 4.
The current NPP inthe world has been studied annually that operating NPP can prevent the emissionof more than 2 billion tons of CO2. Thus, the nuclear power plantcan achieve target of Indonesia’s government to reduce CO2 releases whichcause global warming and climate change.Second, another reason Indonesia should takeNPP is competitive. Uranium as fuel of NPP is able to generate electricitylarger than fossil fuels. It can be assumed that 1 gram uranium can produceheat energy which is equal to the burning result of 4 ton coal. This assumptioncan be convert to kWh, 1 billion kWh (1 GWh) is only need 1 ton of typicalenriched uraniuml, it is as much as 160000 ton coal.
National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) has been calculated the cost ofelectricity NPP based on economical studied. The cost of electricity NPP isaround 10,37 cent USD/kWh. In short, NPP has larger power and lowest cost than thermal power plant.
Finally, Indonesia have a lot fuel resources,including uranium. The reason why Indonesia need NPP is availability of abundanturanium. Related to NPP development plan in Indonesia, communities doubtreadiness of uranium for NPP fuel.
Since 1972, BATAN has conducted explorationactivity of radioactive materials. This activity take a result that Indonesiahave potential uranium resources by the amount of about 63 thousand tonsuranium . So far, there are four potential location that have uranium for NPPfuel; in Mamuju, West Sulawesi; Bangka Belitung; Kalan, West Kalimantan andPapua.
Nowadays, utilization of uranium in Indonesia isn’t exploitation planyet, but still in exploration research. Thus, the availability of abundanceuranium in several location in Indonesia can make people realize that NPP canbe utilize to generate suistainable electricity.Inconclusion, Indonesia may have several reasons to build Nuclear Power Plant.
Themain reason is related to environmental friendly which have not air pollutant. Theother reasons are also competitive in cost and power, and many fuels of potentialuranium l in Indonesia. So, Indonesia should consider these reasons forconstruction NPP plan in the future.