Intelligence is a key factor in helping theUnited States create war strategies. During the Cold Ward, intelligence was akey function with regards to the product of war.
Due to the progressions andplans made during this time, the Cold War could be described as a “War ofintelligence”. Intelligenceplayed a huge role in providing plans and actions to support military combat.Throughout the Cold War, both the North and South valued knowledge and set upintelligence operations. Both the North and the South established their own spynetworks. In the textbook, they describe one of the “most interestingintelligence operations” during the war as displayed by Harriet Tubman when shemade sure that runaway slaves escaping the North, would provide valuable informationon what they knew. In this case, I feel this example was a good representationof HUMINT, by gaining useful knowledge for the North that later could be usedfor future benefit.
Duringand after the Cold War displays of intelligence led to the formation andprogress of intelligence agencies within the United States. The era of the ColdWar brought about the realization that there no longer could be a low priorityon intelligence (Jensen). Steps were then made to place a higher importance onintelligence when referring to foreign and domestic policies and the safety ofour country. Congress passed the National Security Act of 1947, an importantstep in the creation of important agencies such as the CIA, the Department ofDefense, and the National Security Council. The act not only reorganized andhelped the armed forces create new war strategies but also helped updateforeign policy. This 1947 act also helped establish rules and regulations forthe CIA. Thefirst restriction placed was it was not given law enforcement powers. Secondly,it was mandated to operate primarily outside of the United States.
Theestablishment of the National Security Act of 1947 was an important step forthe United States. Progressionof intelligence during the Cold War helped guide the United States andinfluenced our country and policies that are still active today. The Cold Wargave birth to the foundation of United States intelligence; giving the Cold Warthe title of a “war of intelligence”.