Introduction: Seuss is stressing that fantasy allows


Imagination and
fantasy are often considered to be one and the same; in reality the two
concepts widely vary. Imagination is
based off real experiences, such as an artist being able to portray their view of
the world using symbolism, instead of through literal means. It also implies
that the root of imagination originates from real life events that have
affected an artist positively or negatively, leading the artist to express the consequence of that event in their
work. By using imagination as a form of expression, artists allow themselves an
approach in which to form mental images of something not present to their
external senses, and thus not perceived in reality. Wordsworth (1997)
believed that “imagination is a mental power which alters the external world creatively”,
which highlights that artists
use their internal passions that drive their ideas in order to manipulate the
world around them into something that is easier for them to digest.

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In comparison, fantasy is defined as
an imaginative form where impossible and the improbable are brought into reality
because “fantasy is a necessary ingredient in living, as It’s a way of
looking at life through the wrong end of a telescope … And that enables you
to laugh at life’s realities (Seuss, (n.d.), Brainy Seuss is stressing
that fantasy allows for flexibility with norms associated with reality, in
order to create an extraordinary piece or experience that audiences can relate
to.  Examples of fantasy motifs include
magic, myths, the supernatural, and possessing superpowers. Unlike imagining
being an astronaut, being a superhero, in the fantasy sense, is scientifically
impossible to replicate in our reality. Imagination is the vehicle artists use
in order to portray fantasy in their art pieces. Whilst people experience
imagination in reality, fantasy is unrealistic and has never happened to


In this essay, I will be using
my interest in imagination and fantasy to compare and contrast the similarities
and differences between fantasy and imagination in art. I will also be comparing
past and present artists such as Vincent van Gogh, Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso,
Sarolta Ban and Hermi Matisse that use either fantasy or imagination in their
work. In addition, I will dissect how Plato’s Allegory of the Cave is a metaphor for why some people perceive
themselves to have little or no imagination. Lastly, I will be analysing how strongly
fantasy has connections with the different types of imaginations, as suggested
by Dr. Murray Hunter of the University of
Malaysia Perlis (2012), and how successful artists are at utilising different
types of imagination in their work. This will thereby lead me to determine whether fantasy or imagination is the most useful
concept when creating pieces of art, and how that affects the reality of
artistic pieces.